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The Agricultural Question. Public Laissez-faire and the Recomposition of Individual Strategies

  • François Bafoil
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series (SPIRP)

Abstract

The question of the relations between globalization, Europeanization, and national sovereignty deserves special attention for two reasons when it comes to the area of agriculture: as regards modernization, there has barely been any, if, by that term, we understand a rise in the norms of productivity and efficiency that Western European and North American agricultures can claim, on the basis of the size of land-holdings, agricultural employment, specialization of production, new technologies, and institutions. Faced with the enormous range of age-old problems associated with East European agriculture, characterized by deficits in all the areas just mentioned, laissez-faire policies—or in other words, sovereignties— prevailed in the 1990s. By contrast, the European Union played a preponderant role in imposing (sanitary and phytosanitary) standards as prerequisites for integration. In this way, they forced enterprises to adjust to European requirements. Moreover, the union played a decisive role in terms of preparing the administrations that were destined to manage the European funds of the agricultural policy. In the face of these two types of constraints—the first relating to the modernization of what were particularly backward agricultures, the second to the normative security imperatives of the European Union—national sovereignties adopted a “low profile” where their own strategies were concerned.

Keywords

State Farm Land Market National Sovereignty Agrarian Reform Collective Farm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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Copyright information

© François Bafoil 2009

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  • François Bafoil

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