Banditry, Marginality, and Survival among the Laboring Poor in Late Imperial South China

  • Robert J. Antony


In the early 1830s the provincial judge of Guangdong issued a proclamation concerning the problem of banditry in the province. In part his proclamation read:

In Guangdong province, the law against bandits is very severe. In cases of a general pardon from the throne, those who have robbed in bands are not included. If a bandit has escaped three years, and plundered three times, he is executed immediately after conviction, and his head suspended in a cage. This is not the mode of treating banditti in any other province. Here the law is not only severe, but the exertions of the police to seize offenders are strenuous. (Chinese Repository, April 1836)


Guangdong Province Violent Crime Qing Dynasty Early Nineteenth Century Archival Record 
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© Siu-Keung Cheung, Joseph Tse-Hei Lee, and Lida V. Nedilsky 2009

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  • Robert J. Antony

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