Introduction: Chronic Survival
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Egypt has functioned under two political systems (monarchy and republic) and three types of party systems since the days of Khedive Ismail Pasha (1863–1879). The multiparty system lasted until the 1952 Revolution, the so-called single-party system lasted from 1953 to 1976, and the contrived multiparty system has been in place since 1978.
KeywordsPolitical Party Party System National Union Opposition Parti Muslim Brotherhood
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