Introduction: Chronic Survival



Egypt has functioned under two political systems (monarchy and republic) and three types of party systems since the days of Khedive Ismail Pasha (1863–1879). The multiparty system lasted until the 1952 Revolution, the so-called single-party system lasted from 1953 to 1976, and the contrived multiparty system has been in place since 1978.


Political Party Party System National Union Opposition Parti Muslim Brotherhood 
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  1. 1.
    P. J. Vatikiotis, Egypt’s Political Experience: The 1952 Revolution as an Expression of the Historical Heritage, 3–29, in Shamir Shimon (ed.), Egypt from Monarchy to Republic (Boulder: Westview Press, 1995): 19.Google Scholar
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    Geraint Parry and Michael Moran (eds.), Democracy and Democratization (London: Rutledge, 1994): 208.Google Scholar
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    The single party, common in many Middle East nations, has served to disseminate ideology and to organize political participation. Many scholars feel that the single-party system is more an instrument of ideological indoctrination than a channel for political participation. See Harik Iliya, The Political Mobilization of Peasants: A Study of an Egyptian Community (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1974): 62–63.Google Scholar
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    Leonard Binder, In a Moment of Enthusiasm: Political Power and the Second Stratum in Egypt (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978): 36Google Scholar
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    Farid Abdel Magid, Nasser: The Final Years, (Reading: Ithaca Press, First Edition 1994): 86.Google Scholar

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© Alaa Al-Din Arafat 2009

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