At once material and imagined, the plurality of sovereign experiences has come to define the contemporary experience of colonialism for Native North American peoples. As I have tried to argue in this book, these writers and their stories of contemporary indigenous North America artfully document the uneven, lived experiences of nation, capital, and blood in a landscape that nevertheless remains unalterably sovereign: “of the people.”


Marine Insurance Sovereign Nation Colonial Context Contemporary Experience Indigenous Nation 
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  1. 1.
    Philip Drucker, Cultures of the North Pacific Coast (New York: Harper and Row, 1965), 230.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Gerald Vizenor, Wordarrows: Native States of Literary Sovereignty (Lincoln: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 2003).Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    In different works, Joni Adamson and Eva Marie Garroutte have proposed models linking effective indigenous sovereignty to eco-critical predicament and internationalist “radical indigenism” as activist platforms. See Eva Marie Garroutte, “The Racial Formation of American Indians: Negotiating Legitimate Identities within Tribal and Federal Law,” American Indian Quarterly 25.2 (2001): 224–39; and Real Indians: Identity and the Survival of Native America (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 2003). See alsoGoogle Scholar
  4. Joni Adamson, American Indian Literature, Environmental Justice, and Ecocriticism: The Middle Place (Tucson: Univ. of Arizona Press, 2000).Google Scholar

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© Stuart Christie 2009

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