Trickster’s Gamble: Capitalizing Indigenous Discourse in Vizenor’s The Heirs of Columbus and Erdrich’s The Bingo Palace



For the good as well as the ill, the wholesale penetration of market capitalism into local indigenous economies has created ideal conditions for the emergence of plural sovereignties at the dawn of the twenty-first century. At least for now, there is no other game in town. As economic subjects of an increasingly capitalized modernity, indigenous peoples can seek to effect meaningful changes in their communities as agents using capitalist tools even while being harnessed to a system they may, at times, reject or even abhor. In descriptive terms, this is the balancing act the pluralism inherent in plural sovereignties requires of indigenous writers and the subjects of their novels.


Indigenous People Indigenous Community Language Game Flexible Accumulation Indigenous Individual 
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© Stuart Christie 2009

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