The Kings of Hormuz: From the Beginning until the Arrival of the Portuguese

  • Mohammad Bagher Vosoughi


The history of the kings of Hormuz1 (muluk-i Hurmuz) is closely related to the history of Iranian maritime trade. For five hundred years, from the twelfth to the seventeenth century c.e., the island of Hormuz played an important role as the major base and focal center of economic exchanges and marine trade in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. Its history is one of seafaring and marine transportation. Shedding light on the political and economic life of the Hormuz region during the reign of its local amirs will greatly help to assess the Iranian role in the region’s marine trade. In addition, it will present a better picture of the extent of the economic exchanges and of the operational mechanism of the merchants of the Persian Gulf region.


Indian Ocean Sixteenth Century Fourteenth Century Religious Freedom Eleventh Century 
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  1. 1.
    The earliest inscription found about the kings of Hormuz belongs to the fourteenth century and is located in Khunj, one of the hinterland cities of the Persian Gulf. The correct spelling of the name has been recorded here as well as in the offi cial correspondence of the kings of Hormuz. For more information about this inscription, see Muhammad Baqir Vusuqi, Khunj: Guzargah-i Bastani [Khunj: The Ancient Passageway] (Qom, Iran: Khurram, 1374/1995), 51–52.Google Scholar
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© Lawrence G. Potter 2009

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  • Mohammad Bagher Vosoughi

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