Advertisement

Monkey See, Monkey Do? Some Observations on Sustainable Innovations in Zoos

Chapter
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

The role different types of organizations need to play in the pursuit of sustainable development has received ample attention in the literature, ranging from broad studies on new production and consumption systems and services (Montalvo Corral 2003; O’Brien 1999; Roy 2000) to studies highlighting specific firms and industries (Larson 2000; Little 2005). Innovation has often been included as an important component in such studies (Blättel-Mink 1998; Jorna 2006; Jorna, van Engelen, and Hadders 2004; Ramus 2002; Wheeler and Ng 2004), and the capacity to innovate is regarded as an influential factor in developing and maintaining competitive advantage (Tidd, Bessant, and Pavitt 2001; Tushman 1979). Often, innovation is also linked to entrepreneurship, following Schumpeter’s (1934) early suggestion that entrepreneurial innovation is the essence of capitalism and that its associated process of creative destruction is embodied in new products, new production processes, and new forms of organization. In a way, innovation is the key to survival for entrepreneurs, and one could argue that the crucial nature of innovation for their success has made entrepreneurs experts par excellence on innovation. Looking at entrepreneurial behavior, therefore, could deliver important and useful insights on innovation.

Keywords

Knowledge Exchange Organizational Innovation Resource Dependence Entrepreneurial Behavior Global Sustainability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ali, A. 1994. Pioneering versus incremental innovation: Review and research propositions. Journal of Product Innovation Management 11 (1): 46–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alter, C., and Hage, J. 1993. Organizations working together. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  3. Arias, E. G., and Fischer, G. 2000. Boundary objects: Their role in articulating the task at hand and making information relevant to it. Paper presented at the International ICSC Symposium on Interactive & Collaborative Computing (ICC’2000), University of Wollongong, Australia.Google Scholar
  4. Arzeni, S. 1997. Entrepreneurship and job creation. OECD Observer (209): 18–20.Google Scholar
  5. Avifauna. 2006. Fokprogramma’s. http://www.avifauna.nl (accessed April 14, 2006).Google Scholar
  6. Blättel-Mink, B. 1998. Innovation towards sustainable economy: The integration of economy and ecology in companies. Sustainable Development 6 (2): 49–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bögenhold, D. 2004. Entrepreneurship: Multiple meanings and consequences. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management 4 (1): 3–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cavusgil, T., Calantone, R., and Zhao, Y. 2003. Tacit knowledge transfer and firm innovation capability. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing 18 (1): 6–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Damanpour, F. 1996. Organizational complexity and innovation: Developing and testing multiple contingency models. Management Science 42 (5): 693–716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dierenpark Emmen. 2006. Milieubarometer. http://www.dierenpark-emmen.nl (accessed March 1, 2006).Google Scholar
  11. Dougherty, D. 1992. Interpretative barriers to successful product innovation in large firms. Organization Science 3 (2): 179–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elkington, J. 1999. Cannibals with forks. Oxford: Capstone.Google Scholar
  13. Enright, M. J. 2000. The globalisation of competition: Policies towards regional clustering. In The globalisation of multinational enterprise activity and economic development, ed. N. Hood and S. Young, pp. 303–331. London: MacMillan.Google Scholar
  14. Galbraith, D., and Rapley, W. 2005. Research at Canadian zoos and botanical gardens. Museum Management and Curatorship 20 (4): 313–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Goes, J., and Park, S. H. 1997. Interorganizational links and innovation: The case of hospital services. Academy of Management Journal 40 (3): 673–696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gopalakrishnan, S., and Damanpour, F. 1997. A review of innovation research in economics, sociology and technology management. Omega 25 (1): 15–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hage, J. 1999. Organizational innovation and organizational change. Annual Review of Sociology 25: 597–622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Håkansson, H. 1990. Technological collaboration in industrial networks. European Management Journal 8 (3): 371–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hargie, O., and Tourish, D. 2000. Data collection log-sheet methods. In Handbook of communication audits for organisations, ed. O. Hargie and D. Tourish, pp. 104–127. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Holland.com. (2007). Top 20 bezoekers Nederlandse attractieparken, dierentuinen en musea. http://www.holland.com/files/corporate/onderzoek/attracties_%202005.pdf (accessed October 21, 2007).Google Scholar
  21. Holliday, C., Schmidheiny, S., and Watts, P. 2002. Walking the talk: The business case for sustainable development. San Francisco: Greenleaf.Google Scholar
  22. Jorna, R. 2006. Knowledge creation for sustainable innovation: the KCSI programme. In Sustainable Innovation: The organisational, human and knowledge dimension, ed. R. Jorna, pp. 2–14. Sheffield: Greenleaf.Google Scholar
  23. Jorna, R. 2004a. Duurzaamheid: van mileu en techniek naar menskunde en organisa-ties [Sustainability: from environment and technology to people and organization]. In Duurzame innovatie. Organisaties en de dynamiek van kenniscreatie, ed. R. Jorna, J. van Engelen and H. Hadders, pp. 45–60. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
  24. Jorna, R. 2004b. Kennis als basis voor innovatie: management en creatie [Knowledge as a basis for innovation: management and creation]. In Duurzame innovatie. Organisaties en de dynamiek van kenniscreatie, ed. R. Jorna, J. van Engelen and H. Hadders, pp. 70–95. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
  25. Jorna, R., and Waalkens, J. 2004. Innovatie: niet ondubbelzinnig, wel belangrijk [Innovation, many headed and certainly important]. In Duurzame innovatie. Organisaties en de dynamiek van kenniscreatie, ed. R. Jorna, pp. 31–44. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
  26. Koskinen, K. 2005. Metaphoric boundary objects as co-ordinating mechanisms in the knowledge sharing of innovation processes. European Journal of Innovation Management 8 (3): 323–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lam, A. 2005. Organizational innovation. In The Oxford handbook of innovation, ed. J. Fagerberg, D. C. Mowery and R. R. Nelson, pp. 115–147. Oxford: Oxford University.Google Scholar
  28. Larson, A. L. 2000. Sustainable innovation through an entrepreneurship lens. Business Strategy and the Environment 9 (5): 304–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Little, A. D. 2005. How leading companies are using sustainability-driven innovation to win tomorrow’s customers. http://www.adl.com (accessed May 17, 2006).Google Scholar
  30. Masurel, E. 2007. Why SMEs invest in environmental measures: Sustainability evidence from small and medium-sized printing firms. Business Strategy and the Environment 16 (3): 190–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Meeus, M., Oerlemans, L., and Hage, J. 2001. Patterns of interactive learning in a high-tech region. Organization Studies 22 (1): 145–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Meznar, M., and Nigh, D. 1995. Buffer or Bridge? Environmental and organizational determinants of public affairs activities in American firms. Academy of Management Journal 38 (4): 975–996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Miller, D., and Friesen, P. 1982. Innovation in conservative and entrepreneurial firms: Two models of strategic momentum. Strategic Management Journal 3 (1): 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ministerie van LNV. 2002. Dierentuinenbesluit. from http://wetten.overheid.nl/cgi-bin/sessioned/browsercheck/continuation=25967-002/session=046321607004340/action=javascript-result/javascript=yes (accessed February 2, 2007).Google Scholar
  35. Montalvo Corral, C. 2003. Sustainable production and consumption systems—cooperation for change: Assessing and simulating the willingness of the firm to adopt/develop cleaner technologies. The case of the In-Bond industry in northern Mexico. Journal of Cleaner Production 11 (4), 411–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Nohria, N., and Eccles, R. G. 1992. Networks and organizations. Boston: Harvard Business School.Google Scholar
  37. Nonaka, I. 1994. A dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation. Organization Science 6 (1) 14–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. NVD: Nederlandse Vereniging van Dierentuinen. 2004. Visie op verder. Amsterdam: Nederlandse Vereniging van Dierentuinen.Google Scholar
  39. O’Brien, C. 1999. Sustainable production: A new paradigm for a new millennium. International Journal of Production Economics 60–61: 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. O’Donnell, A., Gilmore, A., Cummins, D., and Carson, D. 2001. The network construct in entrepreneurship research: A review and critique. Management Decision 39 (9): 749–760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. OECD. 1998. Fostering entrepreneurship. Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. OECD. 2001. Corporate social responsibility. Partners for progress. Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.Google Scholar
  43. Oerlemans, L., Meeus, M., and Boekema, F. 1998. Do networks matter for innovation? The usefulness of the economic network approach in analysing innovation. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 89 (3): 298–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Pfeffer, J., and Salancik, G. 1978. The external control of organizations: A resource dependence perspective. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  45. Porter, M. E. 2000. Location, competition and economic development: local clusters in a global economy. Economic Development Quarterly 14 (1): 15–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Porter, M. E., and Stern, S. 1999. The new challenge to America’s prosperity: Findings from the innovation index. Washington: Council on Competitiveness.Google Scholar
  47. Rabb, G. 1994. The changing roles of zoological parks in conserving biological diversity. Integrative and Comparative Biology 34 (1): 159–164.Google Scholar
  48. Ramus, C. 2002. Encouraging innovative environmental actions: What companies and managers must do. Journal of World Business 37 (2): 151–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Rennings, K. 2000. Redefining innovation: Eco-innovation research and the contribution from ecological economics. Ecological Economics 32 (2): 319–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Roy, R. 2000. Sustainable product-service systems. Futures 32 (3–4): 289–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Schaaf, D. 1994. The role of zoological parks in biodiversity conservation in the Gulf of Guinea islands. Biodiversity and Conservation 3 (9): 962–968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Schultz, T. W. 1980. Investment in entrepreneurial ability. Scandinavian Journal of Economics 82 (4): 437–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Schumpeter, J. 1934. The theory of economic development. Cambridge: Harvard University.Google Scholar
  54. Schumpeter, J. 1943. Capitalism, socialism and democracy. London: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  55. Suarez-Villa, L. 1989. The evolution of regional economies: Entrepreneurship and macroeconomic change. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  56. Swan, J., and Newell, S. 1995. The role of professional associations in technology diffusion. Organization Studies 16 (5): 847–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Ten Pas, I., Goedegebuure, L., Huisman, J., and Jongbloed, B. 2002. Kennis maken in de regio. Een verkennend onderzoek naar kennistransfer en kennisrelaties. Enschede: Center For Higher Education Policy Studies.Google Scholar
  58. Tidd, J., Bessant, J., and Pavitt, K. 2001. Managing innovation: Integrating technological, market and organisational change. Bognor Regis: Wiley.Google Scholar
  59. Tushman, M. 1979. Managing communication networks in R&D laboratories. Sloan Management Review 20 (2): 37–49.Google Scholar
  60. Vollenbroek, F. 2002. Sustainable development and the challenge of innovation. Journal of Cleaner Production 10 (3): 215–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Wheeler, D., and Ng, M. 2004. Organizational innovation as an opportunity for sustainable enterprise: Standardization as a potential constraint. In S. Sharma and M. Starik (Eds.), Stakeholders, the environment and society, pp. 185–211. Sheffield: Greenleaf.Google Scholar
  62. Zodiac Zoos. 2006. Toekomstplannen Zodiac Zoos. http://www.zodiaczoos.nl/index.asp (accessed April 14, 2006).Google Scholar
  63. Zwetsloot, G. 2001. The management of innovation by frontrunner companies in environmental management and health and safety. Environmental Management and Health 12 (2): 207–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Charles Wankel and James A. F. Stoner 2008

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations