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Regionalized Wars: Transnationalism, Security Complexes, and African conflicts

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African Security Politics Redefined
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Abstract

Regionalization of civil wars in Africa is primarily related to various transnational aspects existent in the continent’s regions. Moreover, regionalized conflicts are characterized by a complex interaction between localized rebellion, a clash of interests among countries in the region, and a weakened capacity (or will) of the international community to avert humanitarian crises. All these factors were present in relation to the development of the regionalized conflict in the Great Lakes region of Africa. (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda). A decade of violence commenced with the 1993 civil war in Burundi and the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. Both conflicts resulted in large flows of refugees into the DRC. After only a short time, the conflicts spread further into the Congolese society and ended up as a large regionalized war involving seven states.1 The neighboring countries intervened in the DRC with their own rationales, and several localized conflicts became regional.

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© 2008 Karin Dokken

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Dokken, K. (2008). Regionalized Wars: Transnationalism, Security Complexes, and African conflicts. In: African Security Politics Redefined. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230612495_3

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