Test by Fire pp 159-176 | Cite as

Axis of Evil: An Inverted Threat Matrix

  • Robert Swansbrough
Part of the The Evolving American Presidency Series book series (EAP)


President George W. Bush’s 2002 State of the Union Address greatly expanded the war on terror from a focus on al Qaeda and its Afghan Taliban hosts to three rogue states seeking dangerous weapons of mass destruction: Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. Bush labeled these countries “an axis of evil” that threatened world peace: “By seeking weapons of mass destruction, these regimes pose a grave and growing danger. They could provide these arms to terrorists, giving them the means to match their hatred. They could attack our allies or attempt to blackmail the United States.”1


International Atomic Energy Agency Security Council Nuclear Weapon Bush Administration Islamic Republic 
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© Robert Swansbrough 2008

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  • Robert Swansbrough

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