John Patton, Is Human Forgiveness Possible? (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1985), 16.
Laura Blumenfeld, Revenge: A Story of Hope (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002), 126.
Steen Halling, “On Growing up as a Premodernist,” in Narrative Identities: Psychologists Engaged in Self-Construction, ed. George Yancy and Susan Hadley (Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley, 2005), 221.
Amedeo Giorgi, Psychology as a Human Science (New York: Harper and Row, 1970).
Hannah Arendt, The Human Condition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958).
Jan O. Rowe, Steen Halling, Michael Leifer, Emily Davies, Diane Powers, and Jeanne van Bronkhorst, “The Psychology of Forgiving Another: A Dialogal Research Approach,” Existential-Phenomenological Perspectives in Psychology, ed. Ronald S. Valle and Steen Halling (New York: Plenum, 1989)
Valerie Fortney, “Hate or Heal,” Chatelaine, August 1997: 54–57.
Part of what follows is taken from my article, “Embracing Human Fallibility: On Forgiving Oneself and Forgiving Others,” Journal of Religion and Health 33, no. 2 (1994): 107–114. I want to thank David Leeming, the journal’s editor, for permission to include it here.
J. Preston Cole, The Problematic Self in Kierkegaard and Freud (New Haven, CT; Yale University Press, 1971), 89.
Milo C. Milburn, “Forgiving Another: An Existential-Phenomenological Investigation” (PhD diss., Duquesne University, 1992), 177.
Gabriel Marcel, “Sketch of a Phenomenology and a Metaphysics of Hope,” in Homo Viator, trans. Emma Craufurd (New York: Harper and Row, 1962).
Leslie Farber, Ways of the Will (New York: Basic Books, 1966).
H. J. N. Horsburgh, “Forgiveness,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4, no. 4 (1974): 271.
John Douglas Marshall, Reconciliation Road: A Family Odyssey of War and Honor (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000).
Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception, trans. Colin Smith (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1962), 420.
The earliest publication detailing the work and findings of this group was published in 1991: Robert D. Enright and the Human Development Group, “The Moral Development of Forgiveness,” in Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development, Vol. 1, ed. W. Kurtines and J. Gewirtz (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum, 1991).
Robert D. Enright, Elizabeth A. Gassin, and Ching Ru-Wu, “Forgiveness: A Developmental View,” Journal of Moral Education 21, no. 2 (1992): 99–114.
Joanna North, “Wrongdoing and Forgiveness,” Philosophy 42 (1987): 506.
Robert D. Enright and Richard P. Fitzgibbons, Helping Clients Forgive: An Empirical Guide for Resolving Anger and Restoring Hope (Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 2000), 24.
Joanna North, “The Ideal of Forgiveness: A Philosopher’s Exploration,” in Exploring Forgiveness, ed. Robert D. Enright and Joanna North (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1998), 15–34.
Suzanne R. Freedman and Robert Enright, “Forgiveness as Intervention Goal with Incest Survivors,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64, no. 5 (1996): 983–992.
Martin E. Seligman, Elaine Walker, and David L. Rosenhan, Abnormal Psychology, 4th ed. (New York: Norton, 2001).
M. E. McCullough and E. L. Worthington, Jr., “Models of Interpersonal Forgiveness and their Application to Counseling: Review and Critique,” Counseling and Values 39, no. 1 (1994): 4.
Elio Frattaroli, Healing the Soul in the Age of the Brain: Becoming Conscious in an Unconscious World (New York: Viking, 2001), 163.
William Barrett, The Illusion of Technique: A Search for Meaning in a Technological Civilization (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1979).
Brian Keenan, An Evil Cradling (New York: Viking, 1993).