Trade Unions, Development, and Democratization in Zambia: The Continuing Struggle



The years between 1989 and 1991 may be regarded as the period during which the Zambia Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) reached the height of its perceived influence in Zambian politics. The organization’s public campaign for the democratization of Zambian politics, initiated in December 1989, culminated in the electoral defeat of the United National Independence Party (UNIP) at the multiparty polls of October 1991. Prior to that election, UNIP’s control over the governing institutions of parliament and the executive organ had been so effectively unchallenged that the ruling party equated itself with the state as well as with Zambian civil society. But all this changed when active trade union support for the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD), the political opposition which Frederick Chiluba led to electoral victory in October 1991, decisively brought to an end the authoritarian party-state regime.


International Monetary Fund Trade Union Union Leader National Union Union Movement 
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Copyright information

© Jon Kraus, ed. 2007

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