Introduction: Pan-Asian Ideology and the Fifteen Years’ War

  • Eri Hotta
Part of the The Palgrave Macmillan Series in Transnational History book series (PMSTH)


In the beginning was Manchuria. The Japanese Kwantung Army’s seizure of China’s northeast provinces in 1931 catapulted Japan into an era of warfare that lasted until the country’s unconditional surrender to the Allied forces in August 1945. Numerous battlefield dramas, such as Japan’s military conflict with China starting in 1937 (the “China Incident”), its costly battle with the Soviet army at Nomonhan in 1939, and its surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, all ended in the loss and the destruction of the Empire, leading some Japanese scholars to term this period the “Fifteen Years’ War.”1


Foreign Policy Pearl Harbor Yasukuni Shrine Japanese Leadership Tokyo Trial 
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© Eri Hotta 2007

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