The “Foundation for European Intellectual Cooperation”
In the same year that U.S. Helsinki Watch was created, another NGO funded by the Ford Foundation was being formally established in Paris, France, and, similar to Helsinki Watch, was to focus upon the non-Soviet communist countries in Eastern Europe. Significant differences characterized the two operations. While the first was designed to maximize public attention upon how the human rights provisions incorporated in the recently adopted Helsinki Final Act were being violated by the communist regimes, the Paris-based operation totally avoided all public attention to what it was doing and, indeed, what was occurring in the area. In fact, the NGO, unlike virtually any NGO in the Western world, was designed to operate in as quiet and unpublic a manner as possible.
KeywordsEastern European Country Ford Foundation Travel Grant Cultural Freedom Paris Office
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