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Israel and Palestinian Fratricide: Beyond the “Two State Solution”?

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Abstract

Outside the window of a Bethlehem hotel, which once possessed a panoramic view of Rachel’s tomb, graffiti is scribbled across the massive rampart near the watchtower. In the center is one citation: “Mr. President: Tear Down this Wall!” The historical irony is apparent: The reference is to Ronald Reagan’s demands that Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev tear down the Berlin Wall. The difference, however, was that the Berlin Wall was essentially built by East German authorities to keep their population in, while the Israeli government has built its wall to keep Palestinians out. But the wall has been built on portions of territory still claimed by Palestinians. (See Chapter 10.)

Keywords

  • Saudi Arabia
  • Security Council Resolution
  • Muslim Brotherhood
  • Palestinian Authority
  • Islamic Jihad

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Notes

  1. Yossi Melman, “Egypt Recommends Hamas Put an End to Terror,” April 5, 2006, http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/702512.html.

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  2. Marwan Bishara, “The Risk of a Third Intifada,” The Guardian, August 18, 2005, http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/Story/0,2763,1551402,00.html.

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  3. BBC Monitoring Middle East, “Hamas PM-designate Comments on Israeli Poll Results, Readiness for Talks,” March 29, 2006.

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  4. Mitch Potter, “Jimmy Carter’s Secret Mission,” The Toronto Star, January 27, 2006.

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  5. Sharmila Devi, “World Bank May Sever Contacts with the PA,” Financial Times, April 13, 2006.

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  6. Dina Kraft and Christine Hauser, “Suicide Attack Kills at Least 8 in Tel Aviv,” New York Times, April 17, 2006.

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  7. BBC Monitoring Middle East, “Hamas PM-designate Comments on Israeli Poll Results, Readiness for Talks.” March 29, 2006.

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  8. Steven Erlanger, “Hamas and Fatah Agree on Unity Government,” New York Times, March 15, 2007.

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  9. David Aaron, “Outside View: How to Deal with Hamas,” UPI, March 15, 2006.

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  10. Yotam Feldner and Yigal Carmon, “Jordanian Policies on the Palestinian Problem. Part II” The Middle East Media Research Institute No. 15 (March 16, 1999).

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  11. Patrick Seale, “Who Killed Rafik Hariri?” The Guardian, February 23, 2005. Unlike others in Lebanon, al-Hariri was not an avowed “enemy” of Syria; although he was forced to resign from his post as prime minister by Syrian military intelligence, he was also thought to be negotiating for Syrian withdrawal as an intermediary between Damascus and the opposition at the time of the assassination. Not all Lebanese have taken an anti-Syrian stance: Michael Aoun, who opposed Syrian intervention in 1989 as Prime Minister, and who is now leader of the Free Patriot Movement, has forged a tactical alliance with Sh’ite parties Hizb’allah and Amal- against Prime Minister Siniora’s government, in effect dividing the Christian Maronites. Failure to forge a national unity government could provoke renewed civil war.

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  12. Yoav Stern, “Assad: Peace Talks with Israel Could Be Completed in 6 Months,” Haaretz (The Associated Press), February 10, 2006.

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  13. Jerome M. Segal, “Final Status in a New Era,” Haaretz, February 17, 2007.

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  14. Thomas L. Friedman, “Go Slow-Mo, NATO,” New York Times, December 12, 2002; “The Hard Truth,” New York Times, April 3, 2002. I publicly proposed a NATO-Partnership for Peace approach to Middle East peacekeeping in October 2001 at the Atlantic Council conference in Slovenia.

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  15. Israeli Raid on Palestinian Prison Ignites Crisis in Occupied Territories. See interview with Naseer Aruri, “Dishonest Broker: America’s Role in Israel and Palestine,” Democracy Now, March 16, 2006, http://www.democracynow.org/article.pl?sid=06/03/16/158202.

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© 2007 Hall Gardner

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Gardner, H. (2007). Israel and Palestinian Fratricide: Beyond the “Two State Solution”?. In: Averting Global War. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230608733_6

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