Abraham Ortelius (1527–98)
Abraham Ortelius’s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570) became the most popular atlas of the sixteenth century and was translated into various European languages. It spawned the pocket atlas, or Epitome in which the maps were accompanied by text that offered pithy descriptions of different regions, rather like George Abbot’s survey of world cultures (also in this volume). Also instantly popular, the Epitome continued to be published until 1724. Its stereotypical decriptions are often inconsistent, hence black color is seen to be the result of the sun in one description and has nothing to do with the sun in another.
Keywords:Skin Color New World Brutishness Conversion to Christianity
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