Historical and Contemporary Roots of Sino-Japanese Conflicts

  • Yung-deh Richard Chu


Historically, Sino-Japanese relations have shown three distinct characteristics:
  1. 1

    China, the stronger of the two neighbors, is never known to have attempted to conquer Japan, the only exception being during the thirteenth century when China itself was under alien (i.e., Mongolian) rule.1 There is no record to the contrary.

  1. 2

    China periodically provided Japan with crucial cultural imports that changed the face of Japan, as exemplified in the wholesale transplantation of the advanced Tang culture during the Nara and Heian periods, borrowings from Song Chan Buddhism and art forms into Ashikaga Japan, and assimilations from Ming Neo-Confucianism in the early Tokugawa period. (The Mito School founded under this Chinese influence set the tone for the following two hundred years of Japanese intellectual development.)

  1. 3

    Japan’s domestic problems often became problems for China. During the mid-fifteenth to mid-sixteenth century, for example, when Japan’s states were at war with each other, the defeated samurais often banded together and became the hazardous Wuokou along the China coast.



Slave Laborer Comfort Woman Yasukuni Shrine Japanese Soldier Expeditionary Force 
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Copyright information

© James C. Hsiung 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yung-deh Richard Chu

There are no affiliations available

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