The Military and the Dictatorship: Getúlio, Góes, and Dutra
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On November 10, 1937, the government of Brazil declared a new constitution and began eight years of dictatorship. Scholars have given vague explanations as to why the constitutional regime of 1934 fell into dictatorship. The standard explanation was the president’s lust for power. The frustrations of the complicated presidential election process were not sufficient to force the dramatic changes. And why would the army’s top generals concern themselves with the political struggle? Long available but overlooked documents provide a close behind-the-scenes view of the motives of the three main actors: President Getúlio Vargas, and Generals Pedro de Goes Monteiro and Eurico Dutra.1
KeywordsArmed Force Federal District Constitutional Reform General Staff Military Dictatorship
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- 29.Stanley Hilton, Brazil and the Great Powers, 1930–1939: The Politics of Trade Rivalry (Austin/London: Univ. of Texas Press, 1975), 117–129.Google Scholar