Civicscape and Memoryscape: The First Vargas Regime and Rio de Janeiro

Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)


In 1927, Antonio Prado Junior, the mayor of Rio de Janeiro, contracted French urbanist Alfred Agache (1875–1959) to design a master plan for the Brazilian capital city. A sweeping physical and aesthetic reform of Rio seemed within the reach of municipal authorities and their federal protectors. By the time Prado Junior received the plan’s final version, in October 1930, the enthusiasm for large-scale reform in a city that had a population of 1.1 million plus had diminished significantly. The global economic seizure that began the previous October had wreaked havoc on public and private finances, while an armed insurrection, emerging out of a breakdown in civilian power-sharing arrangements, was bearing down on the capital. On paper, the so-called Plano Agachel1 held the potential to elevate Prado Junior to the peerage of Francisco Pereira Passos, the prefect credited with the urban and sanitation reforms of Rio’s belle époque.2 For Agache and his team, the plan would be a major accomplishment for the cause of the Société Française D’Urbanistes and its particular style of applied sociology. However, the upheavals of 1929–30—which included continued bad economic news, the arrest of the president and Prado Junior, and the arrival of a reformist civilian-military coalition rallying behind gaúcho statesman Getúlio Vargas (1883–1954)—rendered unviable any full-scale implementation of Agache’s plan.


Federal District Civic Culture Symbolic Violence National Anthem Patron Saint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 7.
    Mauricio de A. Abreu, Evoluçâo urbana do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro: IPLANRIO and Jorge Zahar Ed., 1987), 86–90.Google Scholar
  2. 19.
    Celso Castro, A invençâo do Exército Brasileiro (Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Ed., 2002) esp. 49–67.Google Scholar
  3. 23.
    Jerry Davila, “Diploma of Whiteness”: Race and Social Policy in Brazil, 1917–1945 (Durham: Duke Univ. Press, 2003), chapter 4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 25.
    See Francisco Campos, O Estado Nacional: sua estructura, seu contendo ideolo’gico, 3rd ed. (Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio, 1941), 247–252.Google Scholar
  5. 28.
    See Alcir Lenharo, Sacralizaçizo da politica (Campinas: Papirus and Ed. da UNICAMP, 1986).Google Scholar
  6. 34.
    Adalberto Mario Ribeiro, “A Exposiçâo de Edificios Pûblicos,” Revista do Serviço Pûblico VII:III:3 (September 1944): 90–113.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jens R. Hentschke 2006

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations