The Vargas Era Institutional and Development Model Revisited: Themes, Debates, and Lacunas. An Introduction

Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)


In October 2005, Brazilians commemorated the seventy-fifth anniversary of Getúlio Vargas’s Revolution of 1930. This jubilee followed 14 months after the fiftieth anniversary of Vargas’s suicide in August 1954 and 17 months after the fortieth anniversary of the 1964 military coup that, as the generals and many analysts during the following decade claimed, but more recent studies questioned, marked a major rupture with the previous polity. These three events should have prompted scholars to look afresh at the era and legacy of Brazil’s most important, but also most controversial, statesman of the twentieth century. Yet, as that country’s leading news magazine Veja soberly noted, critical scholarly studies are missing.1 As a result, the initiative has been left to staunch getulistas in politics, media, and academia that continue to remind us that Vargas was the modernizer of the economy, unifier of the nation, organizer of the state, and father of the poor.2


Social Reform Military Coup Military Dictatorship Infrastructural Power Political Police 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 4.
    José Nilo Tavares, “Getúlio Vargas e o Estado Novo,” in O feixe e o prisma: uma revisäo do Estado Novo, ed. José Luiz Werneck da Silva, 2 vols. (Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Ed., 1991), 1: 80.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    John W. F. Dulles, Vargas of Brazil: A Political Biography (Austin: Univ. of Texas Press, 1967).Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    Jens R Hentschke, Estado Novo: Genesis und Konsolidierung der brasilianischen Diktatur von 1937. Eine Fallstudie zu den sozioökonomischen und politischen Transformationen in Lateinamerika im Umfeld der Großen Depression (Saarbrücken: Verlag fair Entwicklungspolitik, 1996). The conclusions of the section are based on the findings of this book.Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Barbara Weinstein, For Social Peace in Brazil: Industrialists and the Remaking of the Working Class in São Paulo, 1920–1964 (Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1996).Google Scholar
  5. 22.
    Joseph Love, “Regionalism and Federalism in Brazil, 1889–1937,” in Politics, Society, and Democracy in Latin America: Essays in Honor of Juan J. Linz, ed. Scott Mainwaring and Arturo Valenzuela (Boulder/Oxford: Westview Press, 1998), 224.Google Scholar
  6. 30.
    Celi Regina J. Pinto, Positivismo. Um projeto politico alternativo (RS: 1889–1930) (Porto Alegre: L & PM Ed., 1986), 105.Google Scholar
  7. 38.
    Frances Hagopian, Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil (Cambridge/New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 50.
    John D. French, The Brazilian Workers’ ABC: Class Conflict and Alliances in Modern São Paulo (Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1992), 78.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jens R. Hentschke 2006

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations