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Anti-Discrimination Policy

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Europeanization

Abstract

The 1997 Amsterdam treaty added new provisions to combat discrimination, including on grounds of race and ethnicity, religion, handicap, age and sexual orientation (Article 13 EC Treaty). Two directives were adopted in June 2000, namely a “race directive” that focuses on combating discrimination on the grounds of race and ethnicity in areas such as housing, employment, education and training, and the provision of goods and services (directive 2000/43/EC of 28 June 2000); and a directive combating all forms of discrimination in employment (directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000). The directives covered both direct and indirect discrimination and allowed scope for “positive action”, including in areas such as housing where there was no prior Treaty competence. A Community action program for the period 2001–2006 is under way with a budget of €100 millions (Council decision of 27 November 2000). This program aims at developing non-legal instruments, such as comparative measures of discrimination, that would allow for the monitoring of the various groups targeted in Article 13.

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© 2008 Virginie Guiraudon

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Guiraudon, V. (2008). Anti-Discrimination Policy. In: Graziano, P., Vink, M.P. (eds) Europeanization. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230584525_22

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