Meeting the Challenge of Leading in the 21st Century: Beyond the ‘Deficit Model’ of Leadership Development

  • Kim Turnbull James
  • Donna Ladkin


If the importance now afforded ‘leadership’ rather than ‘management’ reflects more than a fad in the contemporary Zeitgeist, to what might that shift be attributed? Furthermore, as leadership developers concerned with how best to enable leaders to fulfil their roles effectively, how should such a shift be influencing our own practice? This chapter sets out, if not to answer these questions definitively, then to map some of the theoretical and practical territory which informs them. In so doing, we suggest characteristics of leadership development interventions which might complement approaches which have been more typically used but which might not so readily address the needs of those taking up leadership roles in these demanding and complex times.


Transformational Leadership Servant Leadership Leadership Development Leadership Theory Deficit Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Kim Turnbull James and Donna Ladkin 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kim Turnbull James
  • Donna Ladkin

There are no affiliations available

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