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Conclusion: Dependence, Contingency and the Productivity of Problems

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Abstract

As Deleuze has reminded us, intellectual freedom lies not so much in devising answers or solutions but in formulating problems. As he puts it,

A solution always has the truth it deserves according to the problem to which it is a response, and a problem always has the solution it deserves in proportion to its own truth or falsity …

(1994: 159)

The processes by which problems come to be formulated, and the shapes they are given, powerfully influence the kinds of answers and solutions thinkable and enactable. This insight into problems and solutions is precisely what Substance and Substitution has been about. There is no doubt that MMT is a curious phenomenon. It is a means of converting an illicit practice into a licit one, largely through two strategies. The first strategy is the replacement of one substance with another only marginally different in molecular makeup. Indeed, as Emilie Gomart (2002) so crucially says, despite our deepest convictions, the properties of substances such as methadone and heroin are performed in practice: they are not ontologically anterior to it. The second strategy is to change, again only marginally or in some respects (as we have seen, the changes are not as radical as they seem), the conditions under which this substance is consumed. What are the implications of these relatively small, but uncannily profound, changes for drug-using individuals and for liberal society as a whole? How does MMT intra-act with(in) liberal values? What kind of problem throws up methadone maintenance treatment as its solution? These are the questions we have sought to answer (at least partially) in this book.

Keywords

  • Service Provider
  • Methadone Maintenance Treatment
  • Female Client
  • Liberal Discourse
  • Intellectual Freedom

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© 2008 Suzanne Fraser and Kylie Valentine

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Fraser, S., Valentine, K. (2008). Conclusion: Dependence, Contingency and the Productivity of Problems. In: Substance and Substitution. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230582569_7

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