See J. John Archer, (2000) ‘Sex differences in aggression between heterosexual partners: A meta-analytic review’, Psychological Bulletin, 126, pp. 651–80
Sandra Lundy, (1993), ‘Abuse That Dare Not Speak Its Name: Assisting Victims of Lesbian and Gay Domestic Violence in Massachusetts’, New Eng. Law Rev. 28, Winter, p.273
Teresa Scherzer, (1998), ‘Domestic Violence in Lesbian Relationships: Findings of the Lesbian Relationship Research Project’, Journal of Lesbian Studies, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 29–47
Lori B. Girschick, (2002), Woman-to-Woman Sexual Violence. Does She Call it Rape? Boston, Northeastern University Press.
Rachel Simmons, (2002), Odd Girl Out: The Hidden Culture of Aggression in Girls, New York, Harcourt
Mary G. Harris, (1994), ‘Cholas, Mexican-American Girls and Gangs’, Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, vol. 30 no. 3–4, pp. 289–301, Febuary
Barbara Victor, (2003), Army of Roses: Inside the World ofPalestinian Women Suicide Bombers, Pennsylvania, Rodale Books.
B. Pressman, (1998), ‘Violence against women: Ramifications of gender, class and race inequality’, in M. P. Mirkin (ed.), Women in Context: Toward a Feminist Reconstruction ofPsychotherapy, New York, Guilford Press
R. Carillo and J. Tello, (1998), (eds), Family Violence and Men of Color: Healing the Wounded Male Spirit. New York, Springer Publishing Company
C.K. Ho, (1996), ‘An analysis of domestic violence in Asian American communities: A multicultural approach to counseling’ in P. Brown and M.P. Root (eds), Diversity and Complexity in Feminist Therapy, New York, Haworth Press, Inc.
Christine Adler, (1991), ‘Explaining violence: Socioeconomics and masculinity’, in D. Chappell, P. Grabosky and H. Strang (eds), Australian Violence: Contemporary Perspectives, Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
Carolyn Nordstrom, (2004), Shadows of War: Violence, Power, and International Profiteering in the Twenty-First Century, Berkeley, University of California Press.
Susan Jeffords, (1989), Remasculinization of America: Gender and Vietnam, Bloomington, Indiana University Press
Cynthia Enloe, (2000), Maneuvers: The International Politics of Militarizing Women’s Lives, Berkeley, University of California Press
Ingeborg Breines, Robert Connell and Ingrid Eide, (2000), (eds), Male Roles, Masculinities and Violence: A Culture of Peace Perspective, Paris, UNESCO.
R.W. Connell, (2003c), ‘Scrambling in the Ruins of Patriarchy: Neo-liberalism and Men’s Divided Interests in Gender Change’, in Ursula Pasero (ed.), Gender–From Costs to Benefits, pp. 58–69, Wiesbaden, Westdeutscher.
Susan Griffin, (1971), Reprint from ‘Rape: The All-American Crime’, Ramparts, September, pp. 26–35.
Shulamith Firestone, (1971) The Dialectic of Sex, London, Paladin
Kate Millet, (1972), Sexual Politics, London, Abacus.
Germaine Greer, (1970), The Female Eunuch, London, MacGibbon & Kee.
Sheila Rowbotham, (1973), Women’s Consciousness, Man’s World, Harmondsworth, Penguin
Juliet Mitchell, (1971), Women’s Estate, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Susan Brownmiller, (1976), Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Elizabeth Stanko, (1985), Intimate Intrusions: Women’s Experience of Male Violence, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.
For example, see Rape Crisis Centre, (1977), First Annual Report, London, Rape Counselling and Research Project.
See John Forrester, (1985), ‘Rape, Seduction and Psychoanalysis’ in Tomaselli and Porter (eds), Rape, p. 62, Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
See Alfred Kinsey et al., (1953), Sexual Behaviour in the Human Female, p.410, pp. 116–22, Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders.
Margaret Mead, (1935), Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Ellen Ross, (1982), ‘“Fierce Questions and Taunts”: Married Life in Working-class London, 1870–1914’, in Feminist Studies, vol. 8,3, Fall.
Figures quoted in Donald West, (1984), ‘The Victim’s Contribution to Sexual Offences’ in June Hopkins (ed.), Perspectives on Rape and Sexual Assault, p. 2, London, Harper & Row.
Jennifer Temkin, (1987), Rape and the Legal Process, p. 9, London, Sweet & Maxwell.
Ruth Hall et al. (1981), The Rapist Who Pays the Rent: Evidence Submitted by Women Against Rape, Britain to the Criminal Law Revision Committee, Bristol, Falling Wall Press
Ruth Hall, (1985), Ask Any Women: A London Inquiry into Rape and Sexual Assault, Bristol, Falling Wall Press.
Ann Snitow, (1985), ‘Retrenchment Vs Transformation: the politics of the antipornography movement’ in Kate Ellis et al., Caught Looking, New York, Caught Looking Inc.
Menachim Amir, (1971), Patterns in Forcible Rape, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
Diana Russell, (1984), Sexual Exploitation–Rape, Child Sexual Abuse and Workplace Harassment, pp. 34–48, Beverley Hills, Sage.
Brian MacLean, (1985), Review of Ask Any Woman in British Journal Criminology, vol. 25, p. 390.
Ian Blair, (1985), Investigating Rape: A New Approach for Police, London, Croom Helm; Harry O’Reilly, (1984), ‘Crisis Intervention with Victims of Forcible Rape: A Police Perspective’, in Hopkins (ed.), op.cit.
See, for example, Susan Edwards, (1981), Female Sexuality and the Law, ch. 2, Oxford, Mart in Roberts
Carol Smart, (1976), Women, Crime and Criminology, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Jalna Hanmer and Mary Maynard, (1987), (eds), Women, Violence and Social Control, p. 11, London, Macmillan.
Liz Kelly, (1988), Surviving Sexual Violence, p. 11, Cambridge, Polity Press.
P.H. Gebhard et al., (1965), Sexual Offenders: An Analysis of Types, London, Heinemann; Amir, op.cit.; Schwendinger and Schwendinger, op.cit.
Barbara Toner, (1982), The Facts of Rape, London, Arrow.
Robert Staples, (1982), Black Masculinity, San Francisco, Black Scholar Press.
Richard Wright, (1980), The English Rapist, New Society, 17 July, p.124.
Robert Staples, (1985), Commentary in Philip Nobile and Eric Nadler (eds), United States ofAmerica Vs Sex, p. 363, New York, Minotaur Press.
Ken Plummer, (1984), ‘The Social Uses of Power: Symbolic Interaction, Power and Rape’, in Hopkins (ed.), op.cit., p. 46.
A.M. Scacco Jr, (1975), Rape in Prison, Springfield, Illinois, Charles C. Thomas.
Paul Wilson, (1978), The Other Side of Rape, St Lucia, University of Queensland Press.
Maria Balinska, (1989), ‘Australian Rules’ in The Guardian, 17 January, p.17.
D.J. West, C. Roy and Florence Nichols, (1978), Understanding Sexual Attacks, London, Heinemann
Sylvia Levine and Joseph Koenig (eds), Why Men Rape, (1983), London, Star.
Reported in Deborah Cameron and Elizabeth Frazer, (1987), The Lust to Kill, p. 69, Cambridge, Polity Press.
Gordon Burn, (1984), Somebody’s Husband, Somebody’s Son: The Story of the Yorkshire Ripper, p. 99, London, Pan Books.
Nicole Ward Jouve, (1986), ‘The Streetcleaner’: The Yorkshire Ripper Case on Trial, p. 149, London, Marion Boyars.
Quoted in Wendy Hollway, (1981), ‘“I Just Wanted to Kill a Woman”. Why? The Ripper and Male Sexuality’ in Feminist Review, no.9, Autumn, p. 39.
Quoted in Eileen Fairweather, (1982), ‘Leeds: Curfew on Men’ in Marsha Rowe (ed.), Spare Rib Reader, p. 441, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Quoted in David Robins, (1984), We Hate Humans, p. 110, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Judith Walkovitz, (1982), ‘Jack the Ripper and the Myth of Male Violence’ in Feminist Studies, vol. 8, 3, Fall, p.570.
Irene Hanson Frieze, (1983), ‘Investigating the Causes and Consequences of Marital Rape’ in Signs, vol. 8, 3.
Jan Pahl, (1985), Private Violence and Public Policy, p. 8, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Richard Gelles, (1979), Family Violence, London, Sage.
William Goode, (1971), ‘Force and Violence in the Family’ in Journal of Marriage and the Family, vol. 33, no. 4
Murray Straus, (1980), ‘A Sociological Perspective on the Prevention of Wife-beating’ in Murray Strauss and Gerald Hotaling (eds), Social Causes of Husband-Wife Violence, Minneapolis, University of Minneapolis Press.
Jean Thompson in Linda Gordon, (1988), Heroes of Their Own Lives: The Politics and History of Family Violence, p. 291, New York, Viking.
Bell Hooks, (1989), Talking Back; Thinking Feminist–Thinking Black, p. 89, London, Sheba.
Linda Gordon, (1988b), ‘The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Notes from American History’ in Feminist Review, no. 28, Spring, p.57.
S. Weinberg, (1955), Incest Behaviour, New York, Citadel Press
Norman Bell and Ezra Vogel, (1963), (eds), A Modern Introduction to the Family, New York, Free Press
Paul Gebhardt et al., (1965), Sexual Offenders, New York, Harper & Row.
Ruth Kempe and C. Henry Kempe, (1978), Child Abuse, London, Fontana/Open Books
Patricia Mrazek and C. Henry Kempe, (1981), Sexually Abused Children and Their Families, Oxford, Pergamon Press.
See, for example, Judith Williamson, (1986), ‘Prisoner of Love’, in Consuming Passions, London, Marion Boyars.
Sara Maguire, (1988), ‘“Sorry Love”–violence against women in the home and the state response’ in Critical Social Policy, issue 23, Autumn, p.36.
Anthony Giddens, (1984), The Constitution of Society, p. 175, Cambridge, Polity Press.
Barbara Hart, (1986), in Kerry Lobel (ed.), Naming the Violence: Speaking Out About Lesbian Battery, p. 9, Washington: Seal Press.
Anne Campbell, (1981), Girl Delinquents, p. 133, Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
Andrew Tolson, (1977), The Limits of Masculinity, London, Tavistock.
Peter Marsh, Elizabeth Rosser and Rom Harre, (1978), The Rules of Disorder, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Eric Dunning, Patrick Murphy and John Williams, (1988), The Roots of Football Hooliganism: An Historical and Sociological Study, p. 187, London, Routledge.
See Janet Sayers, (1986), Sexual Contradictions: Psychology, Psychoanalysis, and Feminism, p. 142, London, Tavistock.
ibid, p.157; Jane Temperley, (1984), ‘Our Own Worst Enemies: Unconscious Factors in Female Disadvantage’ in Free Associations, Pilot Issue.
Russel Dobash, R. Emerson Dobash, Sue Gutteridge, (1986), The Imprisonment of Women, p.86, p. 147, Oxford, Blackwell.
Lynne Segal, (1987), Is the Future Female?, chapter 5, London, Virago.
Kum Kum Bhavnani, (1987), ‘Turning the World Upside Down’ in Charting the Journey, p. 264, London, Sheba.
Bell Hooks, (1989), ‘Feminism and Militarism; A Comment’ in Hooks, op.cit., p.93.
Martin Walker, (1989), in The Guardian, January 16.
Spike Lee talks to Steve Goldman, (1989), ‘Heat of the Moment’ in The Weekend Guardian, June 24–5, p. 15.