See Anthony, McMahon, (1999), Taking Care of Men: Sexual Politics in the Public Mind, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
William Marsiglio, Kevin Roy and Greer Litton Fox, (2005), (eds), Situated Fathering: A Focus on Physical and Social Spaces, Lanham, Maryland, Rowman & Littlefield
M. Lamb, (1997), The Role of the Father in Child Development, New York, Wiley
Janeen Baxter, (2002), ‘Patterns of Change and Stability in the Gender Division of Household Labour in Australia, 1986–1997’, Journal of Sociology 38 (4), 399–424.
See David Blakenhorn, (1995), Fatherless America: Confronting Our Most Urgent Social Problem, New York, Basic Books
Stephen Baskerville, (2002), ‘The Politics of Fatherhood’, Political Science and Politics, vol. 35, no. 4 December
James Dudley and Glenn Stone, (2004), Fathering at Risk, Amherst, New York, Promotheus Books.
See William Marsiglio, W. (1998)(ed.) Fatherhood: Contemporary Theory, Research, and Social Policy, Thousand Oaks, California, Sage
R.D. Day, V.J. Evans and M. Lamb, (1998), ‘Social fatherhood and paternal involvement: conceptual data, and policymaking issues’, Chapter 4 of Nurturing Fatherhood: Improving data and research on male fertility, family formation and fatherhood: Report on the conference on Fathering and Male Fertility March 13–14 1997. (http://aspe.os.dhhs.gov/fathers/cfsforum/c4.htm)
D.K. Flaks, I. Ficher, F. Masterpasqua and G. Joseph, (1990), ‘Lesbians choosing motherhood. A comparative study of lesbian and heterosexual parents and their children’, Developmental Psychology, 31, pp. 105–14
P.H. Turner, L. Scadden and M.B. Harris, (1995), ‘Parenting in gay and lesbian families’, Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 1 (3) pp. 55–66
Judith Stacey, (1996), In the name of the family: Rethinking family values in the postmodern age, Boston, Beacon.
Angela Carter, (1983), ‘Sugar Daddy’, in Ursual Owen (ed.), Fathers: Reflections by Daughters, p. 25, London, Virago.
Margot Farnham, (1986), ‘In the Name of the Father–Fathers and Class’ Trouble and Strife, no. 8, p.6.
See, for example, Toni Morrison, (1979), The Bluest Eye, London, Grafton
Alice Walker, (1970), The Third Life of Grange Copeland, London, Women’s Press
Alice Walker, The Colour Purple, (1982), London, Women’s Press
Joan Riley, (1985), The Unbelonging, London, Women’s Press.
Quoted in Elaine Showalter, (1987), ‘Critical Cross-Dressing’ in Alice Jardine and Paul Smith (eds), Men in Feminism, p. 122, London, Methuen.
Judith Williamson, (1987), New Statesman, 3 October, p.12.
Reported in Brian Jackson, (1983), Fatherhood, p. 9, London, Allen & Unwin.
Ian McEwan, (1987), The Child in Time, p. 216, London, Jonathan Cape.
Yvonne Roberts, (1984), Man Enough: Men of 35 Speak Out, p. 111, London, Chatto & Windus.
Peter Moss and Julia Brannen, (1987), ‘Fathers and Employment’ in Charlie Lewis and Margaret O’Brien (eds), Reassessing Fatherhood, p. 87, London, Sage.
Madeleine Simms and Christopher Smith, (1982), ‘Young Fathers: Attitudes to Marriage and Family Life’, in Lorna McKee and Margaret O’Brien, The Father Figure, London, Tavistock.
Graeme Russell, (1987), ‘Problems in Role-Reversed Families’, in Reassessing Fatherhood, op.cit., p.176.
Melanie Henwood, Lesley Rimmer and Malcolm Wicks, (1987), Inside the Family: Changing Roles of Men and Women, p. 7, London, Family Policy Studies Centre.
Fraser Harrison, (1985), A Father’s Diary, London, Fontana.
Lou Becker, (1987), ‘An Older Father’s Letter to His Young Son’ in Franklin Abbot (ed.), New Men, New Minds, pp. 32–3, Canada, The Crossing Press/Freedom.
Quoted in Diane Ehrensaft, (1987), Parenting Together: Men and Women Sharing the Parenting of Their Children, p. 252, New York, The Free Press.
See, for example, Tony Eardley, Martin Humphries and Paul Morrison, (1983), About Men, London, Broadcasting Support Services.
Tony Bradman, (1985), The Essential Father, London, Unw in Paperbacks
Anne Wiltsher, (1981), ‘Fatherhood’ The Guardian, March 6, p.21.
See, for example, Sue Sharpe, (1985), Double Identity, Harmondsworth, Penguin, for the importance of paid work in the lives of women with children.
W. Miller, (1958), ‘Lower-Class Culture as a Generating Milieu for Gang Delinquency’ in Journal of Social Issues, vol. 14, pp. 5–19
Thomas Pettigrew, (1964), A Profile of the Negro American, New Jersey: Van Notrand
J. Silverman and S. Dinitz, (1974), ‘Compulsive Masculinity and Delinquency’, in Criminology, pp.499–515.
H.R. Schaffer and P. Emerson, (1964), The Development of Social Attachment in Infancy, Monograph No. 29. Society for Research in Child Development
Charlie Lewis, (1982), ‘The Observation of Father-Infant Relationships: An “Attachment” to Outmoded Concepts’ in The Father Figure, op.cit.
Lewis, ibid; Ross Parke, (1981), Fathering, London, Fontana Paperbacks.
Charlie Lewis, (1986), Becoming a Father, Milton Keynes, Open University Press
Kathryn Backett, (1982), Mothers and Fathers, London, Macmillan.
Lorna McKee and Colin Bell, (1986), ‘His Unemployment, Her Problem’, in Sheila Allen, et al., The Experience of Unemployment, London, Macmillan.
Lorna McKee, (1987), ‘Fathers’, The Guardian, 19 January, p.12.
Colin Bell, et al., (1983), Fathers, Childbirth and Work, Manchester, Equal Opportunities Commission.
Rhona Rapoport and Robert Rapoport, (1971), Dual-Career Families, Harmondsworth, Penguin
Rhona Rapoport and Robert Rapoport (1976), Dual-Career Families re-Examined, New York, Harper & Row.
Caroline Bird, (1979), The Two-Paycheck Marriage, New York, Pocket Books
Rebecca Bryson et al., (1978), ‘Family Size, Satisfaction and Productivity in Dual-Career Couples’, in Psychology of Women Quarterly, 3: pp. 167–77.
Rosanna Hertz, (1986), More Equal Than Others: Women and Men in Dual-Carrer Marriages, p. 67, London, University of California Press.
Bebe Moore Campbell, (1988), Successful Women, Angry Men, p. 17, London, Arrow Books.
Graeme Russell, (1983), The Changing Role of Fathers, London, University of Queensland Press.
Stephanie Dowrick and Sibyl Grundberg, (1980), (eds), Why Children?, London, Women’s Press.
Peter Bradbury, (1985), ‘Desire and Pregnancy’, in Andy Metcalfe and Martin Humphries (eds), The Sexuality of Men, London, Pluto Press.
Gavin Smith, (1987), ‘The Crisis of Fatherhood’, in Free Associations, no. 9, p. 73.
Fay Weldon, (1975), Female Friends, p. 164, London, Pan.
Quoted in Jonathan Trustram, (1985), ‘A Co-Operative Creche’, in Caroline New and Miriam David (eds), For the Children’s Sake, p. 305, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Rochelle Wortis, (1972), ‘Child-rearing and women’s liberation’ in Michelene Wandor (ed.), The Body Politic: Women’s Liberation in Britain 1969–1972, pp. 127–30.
Sheila Rowbotham, (1972), ‘Women’s Liberation and the New Politics’ in Wandor, ibid, p.18.
Nancy Chodorow, (1978), The Reproduction of Mothering, London, University of California Press
Luise Eichenbaum and Susie Orbach, (1982), Outside In, Inside Out, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
G. Staines et al., (1978), ‘Wives’ Employment Status and Marital Adjustment: Yet Another Look’, Psychology of Women Quarterly, 3: pp.90–120.
See Lynne Segal, (1987), Is the Future Female?, ch. 4, London, Virago
Sheila Rowbotham, (1989), The Past is Before Us, London, Pandora.
Cynthia Cockburn, (1981), ‘The Material of Male Dominance’ in Feminist Review, no.9.
Carol Smart, (1987), ‘There is of course the distinction dictated by nature’: Law and the Problem of Paternity’ in Michele Stanworth (ed.), Reproductive Technologies, Cambridge, Polity Press.
Gillian Hanscombe and Jackie Forster, (1982), Rocking the Cradle: Lesbian Mothers, p. 69, London, Sheba Press.
Sue Allen and Lynne Harne, (1988), ‘Lesbian mothers: the fight for child custody’, in Bob Cant and Susan Hemmings (eds), Radical Records, p. 193, London, Routledge.
Quoted in Lynne Harne, (1984), ‘Lesbian Custody and the new myth of fatherhood’, in Trouble and Strife, no. 3, p. 14.
Judith Williamson, (1987), New Statesman, 12 February, p.24.
See, for example, Patricia Beezley Mrazek and Arnon Bentovim, (1981), ‘Incest and the Dysfunctional Family System’ in Mrazek and Kempe (eds), Sexually Abused Children and their Families, Oxford, Pergamon Press
Arnon Bentovim et al. (1988), (eds), Child Sexual Abuse Within the Family, London, Wright.
See David Will, (1989), ‘Feminism, Child Sexual Abuse, and the Demise of Systems Mysticism’, in Context: A News Magazine of Family Therapy, Spring, vol. 19, no. 1.
Mary McIntosh, (1988), ‘Family Secrets: Child Sexual Abuse’ in The Chartist, January.
Mary MacLeod and Esther Saraga, (1988), ‘Challenging the Orthodoxy: Towards a Feminist Theory and Practice’, in Feminist Review, no. 28.
Linda Gordon, (1989), Heroes of Their Own Lives, London, Virago.
Michelle Stanworth, (1987), ‘The Deconstruction of Motherhood’, in Reproductive Technologies, op.cit., p.33.
Jeff Hearn, (1987), The Gender of Oppression, p. 150, Brighton, Wheatsheaf.
Anne Machung, (1989), ‘Talking Career, Thinking Job: Gender Differences in Career and Family Expectations of Berkeley Seniors’ in Feminist Studies, p.53, vol. 15, no. 1, Spring.