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The Hypocritical Masks of the Ancien Régime

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Abstract

In a sort of anachronistic backlash to the Reformation, seventeenth- and eighteenth-century theologians in Catholic countries made the crime of usury one of their chief studies. Simultaneously, Church condemnations started again and became even more severe. This movement was, in essence, driven by the desire to establish a Counter-Reformation. Moreover, it was assisted by persisting conservative structures in the two main Catholic countries. Their economies had remained weak because of slow agricultural progress and were unable to satisfy the needs of a growing population. These same economies were also weakened by the ravages of war.

Keywords

Seventeenth Century Sixteenth Century Credit Trader Consumer Credit Ship Owner 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© La Fondation Cetelem 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cetelem Professor of Economics Université Libre de LilleFrance
  2. 2.International CEO, member of the Board of CetelemFrance

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