Electronic Voting in Estonia

  • Wolfgang Drechsler
  • Ülle Madise


The Republic of Estonia has been, and is being, widely credited to be a pioneer in e-governance and especially e-democracy, with headlines such as ‘Estonia: 10 Years from Communism to Advanced e-Democracy!’1 It has frequently been expected, too, that Estonia will be the leading country for e-voting, having introduced it already for the national elections of 2003.2 However, in the latest changes of the respective laws, the Estonian Parliament has voted for e-democracy, not for the immediate future, but with a delay of implementation until the year 2005. Still, to our knowledge, what follows is the first and so far only investigation into the first European case of a country that has actually passed overall e-voting laws.


Polling Station Prime Minister Local Election Electronic Vote Governing Coalition 
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Drechsler
  • Ülle Madise

There are no affiliations available

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