A recurring theme throughout this book has been the interplay between general tendencies of change and specific local adjustments and responses. At the outset, we asked ourselves how education policies, which are increasingly established at the local level, could be understood in relation to global transforming forces and specific local conditions. It was recognized that contemporary societal change includes tendencies towards both homogenization and fragmentation. Economic, cultural and political globalization, the further development of a knowledge society, challenges to the polity and new demographical changes, were identified as major on-going transformations. At the same time, there are strong diversifying tendencies, which emphasize the local and the specific. These may concern establishing business profiles in a competitive world economy, stressing cultural identity and developing stronger local and regional units of governance.
KeywordsEducation Policy Market Policy School Leader Knowledge Society Local Education
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