Before the Protestant Clergy: The Construction and Deconstruction of Medieval Priesthood



The Reformation signals a crux in the history of the western clergy. As medieval Catholicism dissolved, confessionalization generated new ministries, and a major shift in appreciations produced new conceptions of clerical roles and functions. The clergy, both Catholic and Protestant, became more professional and self-consciously elite cadres.1


Pastoral Care Thirteenth Century Catholic Priesthood Canonical Code Catholic Clergy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 12.
    J.A. Brundage, Law, Sex, and Christian Society in Medieval Europe (Chicago and London, 1987 ), pp. 214–23, 251–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 14.
    R.L. Storey, ‘Malicious Indictments of Clergy in the Fifteenth Century’, in M.J. Franklin and C. Harper-Bill (eds), Medieval Ecclesiastical Studies in Honour of Dorothy M. Owen (Woodbridge, 1995 ), pp. 222–4, 228–30, 233.Google Scholar
  3. 16.
    B. Moeller, ‘Religious Life in Germany on the Eve of the Reformation’, in G. Strauss (ed.), Pre-Reformation Germany (London and Basingstoke, 1972 ), p. 25.Google Scholar
  4. A.-J.A. Bijsterveld, ‘Reform in the Parishes of Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-century North Brabant’, in B.A. Kümin (ed.), Reformations Old and New: Essays on the Socio-Economic Impact of Religious Change, c.1470–1630 ( Aldershot and Brookfield, VT, 1996 ), pp. 30–1.Google Scholar
  5. 17.
    G. Williams, The Welsh Church from Conquest to Reformation (Cardiff, 1962), pp. 337–43.Google Scholar
  6. 31.
    R.N. Swanson, ‘The “Mendicant Problem” in the Later Middle Ages’, in P. Biller and B. Dobson (eds), The Medieval Church: Universities, Heresy, and the Religious Life (Woodbridge, 1999 ), pp. 224–5.Google Scholar
  7. 33.
    R.N. Swanson, ‘Godliness and Good Learning: Ideals and Imagination in Medieval University and College Foundations’, in R. Horrox and S. Rees-Jones (eds), Pragmatic Utopias: Ideals and Communities, 1200–1630 (Cambridge, 2001 ), pp. 50–1.Google Scholar
  8. 40.
    H.-C. Rublack, ‘Anticlericalism in German Reformation pamphlets’, in P.A. Dykema and H.A. Oberman (eds), Anticlericalism in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe ( Leiden, New York and Cologne, 1993 ), p. 471.Google Scholar
  9. 41.
    G. Kristensson (ed.), John Mirk’s Instructions for Parish Priests, Edited from MS Cotton Claudius A II and Six Other Manuscripts, with Introduction, Notes, and Glossary (Lund, 1974 ), p. 67.Google Scholar
  10. 42.
    S. Wenzel (ed.), Fasciculus morum: a Fourteenth-Century Preacher’s Handbook ( University Park, PA, and London, 1989 ), pp. 405–7.Google Scholar
  11. 48.
    T. Turville-Petre, England the Nation: Language, Literature, and National Identity, 1290–1340 (Oxford, 1996 ), p. 52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 52.
    J. Small (ed.), English Metrical Homilies from Manuscripts of the Fourteenth Century (Edinburgh, 1862), p. 2; Turville-Petre, England p. 32.Google Scholar
  13. G.W.H. Lampe (ed.), The Cambridge History of the Bible, Volume 2: the West from the Fathers to the Reformation (Cambridge, 1969), pp. 362–491.Google Scholar
  14. 63.
    J.J. Ryan, The Apostolic Conciliarism of Jean Gerson ( Atlanta, GA, 1998 ), pp. 43–5.Google Scholar
  15. 64.
    U.R. Blumenthal, ‘Pope Gregory VII and the Prohibition of Nicolaitism’, in M. Frasseto (ed.), Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform (New York and London, 1998), pp. 242, 244, 248–53.Google Scholar
  16. 69.
    F. Manley, G. Marc’hadour, R. Marius and C.H. Miller (eds), The Complete Works of St Thomas More, vol. 7 (New Haven and London, 1990 ), pp. 412–22.Google Scholar
  17. 75.
    H. Plard, ‘Anticlérical, anticléricalisme: évolution de ces termes’, in J. Marx (ed.), Aspects de l’anticléricalisme du moyen âge à nos jours: homage à Robert Joly. Colloque de Bruxelles — juin 1988 (Brussels, 1988 ), pp. 15–22.Google Scholar
  18. 89.
    G. Audisio, The Waldensian Dissent: Persecution and Survival, c. 1170c. 1570 (Cambridge, 1999), pp. 50–5, 115–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. E. Cameron, The Reformation of the Heretics: the Waldenses of the Alps, 1480–1580 (Oxford, 1984), pp. 77–9.Google Scholar
  20. 91.
    M. Lambert, Medieval Heresy: Popular Movements from the Gregorian Reform to the Reformation (Oxford, 1992), pp. 346, 356, 358.Google Scholar
  21. 95.
    A.L. Barstow, Married Priests and the Reforming Papacy: the Eleventh-Century Debates (New York and Toronto, 1982), pp. 175–7 (see also 190–1).Google Scholar
  22. 96.
    P.R. Szittya, The Antifraternal Tradition in Medieval Literature (Princeton, N.J., 1986); Hudson, Premature Reformation pp. 348–51.Google Scholar
  23. 97.
    W. Carew Hazlitt (ed.), A Select Collection of Old English Plays I (4th edn, London, 1874), pp. 199–238. For Fish, see note 69 above.Google Scholar
  24. 98.
    P.H. Stump, The Reforms of the Council of Constance (1414–1418) ( Leiden, New York and Cologne, 1994 ), p. 139.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2003

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations