Constraints on the State — Mechanisms of Economic Determination
Economic determination may be conceptualised in terms of mechanisms of constraint that limit the potential autonomy of the state. Following Lukes’ analysis of freedom and autonomy, four such interrelated mechanisms may be identified by distinguishing internal/ external and personal/impersonal constraints. Each of these may be conceived as operating in a positive or negative form. Three of these mechanisms are referred to by Miliband in The State in Capitalist Society (1969, p. 79):
ideological dispositions of governments
structural constraints imposed upon them by the system
pressures to which they have been subjected by dominant interests
KeywordsWelfare State Structural Constraint Institutional Logic Capitalist System Dominant Class
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© Paul Wetherly 2005