• Dick Leonard
  • Roger Mortimore


‘The disadvantage of free elections’, V. M. Molotov (the Soviet Foreign Minister in 1946) remarked to Ernest Bevin, ‘is that you can never be sure who is going to win them.’


Electoral System Political Parti Incumbent Party Social Democratic Party Minority Government 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    See C. Seymour, Electoral Reform in England and Wales (New Haven, 1915);Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    H. L. Morris, Parliamentary Franchise Reform in England from 1885 to 1918 (New York, 1921);Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    D. E. Butler, The Electoral System in Britain since 1918 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963).Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    See Bill Jones, Dennis Kavanagh, Michael Moran and Philip Norton, Politics UK, 5th edition (Harlow: Longman, 2004)Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    or Gillian Peele, Governing the UK, 4th edition (Oxford: Blackwell’s Publishing, 2004).Google Scholar
  6. 3.
    See Vernon Bogdanor and David Butler (eds), Democracy and Elections: Electoral Systems and their Political Consequences (Cambridge University Press, 1983);Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    Dick Leonard and Richard Natkiel, World Atlas of Elections (London: Economist Publishing Company, 1986);Google Scholar
  8. 3.
    Bernard Grofman and Arend Lijphart (eds), Electoral Laws and their Political Consequences (New York: Agathon Press, 1986).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dick Leonard and Roger Mortimore 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dick Leonard
  • Roger Mortimore

There are no affiliations available

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