Skip to main content

Conclusion: Globalisation, Economic Growth, and Labour

  • Chapter
Wage Labour in Southeast Asia since 1840

Part of the book series: A Modern Economic History of Southeast Asia ((MEHSA))

  • 184 Accesses

Abstract

Southeast Asia consists of a multiplicity of states at varying levels of development, and does not have a single dominant socio-economic feature that can be said to characterise the region. In broad economic terms, therefore, the study concentrates on two bipolar states — Malaysia and Indonesia — as representative of ‘labour-scarce’ and ‘labour-surplus’ economies, to examine the development of wage labour in the region. From this perspective, Malaysia, a well-endowed labour-scarce country, has been, and continues to be a, labour importer. Moreover, although land development schemes were introduced (especially after 1970) to reduce rural inequalities, land issues and rural development have remained largely secondary. The polar opposite is Java, with its huge poverty-stricken population. Non-farm employment was critical for survival strategies and workers migrated to other islands or nearby countries to earn a living. Indonesia continues to be a labour exporter, and the export of labour forms an essential feature of its development plans. The other countries examined in this book fit somewhere in a continuum between the two.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

eBook
USD 9.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Copyright information

© 2004 Amarjit Kaur

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Kaur, A. (2004). Conclusion: Globalisation, Economic Growth, and Labour. In: Wage Labour in Southeast Asia since 1840. A Modern Economic History of Southeast Asia. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230511132_11

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics