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Transatlantic Relations and European Security

  • Simon Duke
Part of the St Antony’s Series book series

Abstract

A series of attempts have been made since the end of the Cold War to make sense of the much changed international system. Francis Fukuyama’s ‘The End of History’,1 Samuel Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilisations’,2 Aron Wildavsky’s zones of conflict and zones of peace and Michael Doyle’s observations on liberal states’3 propensity not to engage in conflict with each other, are prime examples. Many of the ideas were driven by key articles, greeted as seminal, but like a young child with a new toy, they were soon discarded. Not unnaturally, theorising about the shape of the international system focused on the US role in the post-Cold War world. Two works in particular fuelled much of what became known as the declinist debate. First, Paul Kennedy’s book ‘The Rise and The Fall of The Great Powers’, speculated about whether the US would fall prey to modern variants of imperial overstretch, whereby ‘Great Powers in relative decline instinctively respond by spending more on “security” and thereby divert potential resources from “investment” and compound their long-term dilemma’.4 In the same year that Kennedy’s book appeared, David Calleo’s equally provocative Beyond American Hegemony: The Future of the Western Alliance5 was published. Calleo argued that post-Cold War NATO was ‘essentially an American protectorate for Europe. As such, it is increasingly unviable’. Calleo further contended that it was global shifts that introduced fundamentally changed distributions of resources and power and that ‘even if the fundamental common interests of the United States and Western Europe dictate a continuation of the Atlantic Alliance… the old hegemonic arrangements cannot continue without becoming self-destructive’.6

Keywords

Foreign Policy North Atlantic Treaty Organisation European Security Command Structure American Leadership 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes and References

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  4. Henry R. Nau, The Myth of America’s Decline (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990); and Samuel P. Huntington, ‘The U.S. – Decline or Renewal?’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 67 (2) (Winter 1988/89), pp. 76–96.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Simon Duke 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Duke
    • 1
  1. 1.European Institute of Public AdministrationMaastrichtNetherlands

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