• David Butler
  • Martin Westlake


Before any election campaign, the contestants have to prepare for the contest. Teams are assembled, candidates selected, strategies devised, issues identified, tactics discussed. European elections are no different. But if, as argued in Chapter 1, European elections are second-order national elections, then a number of additional considerations have to be taken into account.


Asylum Seeker Local Election Labour Party Security Council Resolution Conservative Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© David Butler and Martin Westlake 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Butler
    • 1
  • Martin Westlake
    • 2
  1. 1.Nuffield CollegeOxfordUK
  2. 2.European Economic and Social CommitteeBrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations