‘Spin-off’ in the Nationalization of R&D: The Recasting of the British System in an Industrializing Japan

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In sharp contrast with the focus on ‘spin-on’ within the military-industrial-university complex in Chapter 4, this chapter poses the following questions about the ‘spin-off’ process. How did the military-industrial-university complex achieve spin-off and, through that, develop R&D into national organizations? How similar or different were the factors that contributed to spin-off and the development of R&D into national organizations in Britain and Japan? And from the similarities and differences, what general insights can we obtain into the interaction between science, technology and industrial society?


Private Company Industrial Society Social Background Experimental Tank National Research Institute 
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© Miwao Matsumoto 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TokyoJapan

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