Europe’s Executive Branch of Government in the Melting Pot: an Overview
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National governments have for more than a hundred years had to deal with a multitude of international governmental organizations (IGOs). In this respect governments have striven for coordination in order to be able to present their national positions as coherently as possible on the international scene. They have also been supposed to implement carefully what has been agreed upon in these forums. The development of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors has without doubt added considerably to these tasks: its extraordinarily broad and expanding policy agenda has significantly challenged the ability of national governments to act consistently on the European scene (Kassim et al. 2000), and the huge amount of EU-generated legislation to be implemented has put national administrations, although to varying degrees, under unprecedented pressure (Knill 2001; Sverdrup 2004).
KeywordsEuropean Union National Agency European Economic Community European Parliament European Union Level
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