Harm Principle, Offence Principle, and Hate Speech



The aim of this chapter is to confront the ethical question of the constraints of speech. Focus is put on the harm or the offence caused by the speech in question: can we say that sometimes the harm or the offence brought about by a certain speech constitutes such an injury that it cannot be tolerated? More specifically, under what conditions can preventing offence provide adequate reason for limiting freedom of expression?


Free Speech Physical Harm Harmful Action Hate Speech Harm Principle 
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© Raphael Cohen-Almagor 2001

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