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The International Use of English

  • Brian J. Hurn
  • Barry Tomalin

Abstract

It can be argued that English has been called a world language for over 150 years, having enjoyed a dramatic growth from its early origins and influences. These included the Anglo-Saxons of Northern Europe, the Vikings and the Norman French, whose language was itself heavily derived from Latin. However, at the time of Shakespeare, there were only five million people who spoke English. In subsequent centuries, English has been influenced by ‘borrowings’ from other languages, consisting of words and phrases brought back from the countries of the Empire and by large-scale immigration into the UK itself. English is now well established in international organizations, such as the UN, where, along with French, Russian, Spanish, Chinese and Arabic, it is one of the official languages. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the academic world, popular music and culture, and increasingly international business in the globalized economy also use English as the main means of communication. In the world of science, papers are often first published in English before being reproduced in the author’s mother tongue.

Keywords

Foreign Language Mother Tongue Artificial Language Official Language Minority Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian J. Hurn
    • 1
  • Barry Tomalin
    • 2
  1. 1.London Academy of DiplomacyUniversity of East AngliaUK
  2. 2.International HouseLondonUK

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