• Roger Horrocks


Since the 1960s the study of homosexuality has undergone massive changes. In the first place, whereas Western sexology, medicine and psychiatry have tended to view it as a trans-historical and unchanging category which could be investigated in different cultures at different times, a new wave of sociological and political research has led to the arresting thesis that the concept of ‘the homosexual’ has been invented in modern times, and does not exist in other cultures and other periods in history.


Sexual Relation Male Homosexual Homosexual Behaviour Object Choice Male Homosexuality 
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  1. 1.
    Jeffrey Weeks, ‘Discourse, desire and sexual deviance: Some problems in a history of homosexuality’, in Kenneth Plummer (ed.), The Making of the Modern Homosexual (Totowa: Barnes and Noble, 1981), p. 77.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    The detail about hijras is taken from Serena Nanda, Neither Man nor Woman: The Hijras of India (Belmont: Wadsworth, 1990).Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    Jean Genet, Our Lady of the Flowers (London: Panther, 1969), pp. 209–10.Google Scholar
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    A point made by Friedrich Engels, The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986), pp. 95–6.Google Scholar
  5. 19.
    T.E. Hays and P.H. Hays, ‘Opposition and complementarity of the sexes in Ndumba initiations’, in Gilbert Herdt (ed.), Rituals of Manhood: Male Initiation in Papua New Guinea (Berkeley: University of California, 1982), pp. 201–38.Google Scholar
  6. 20.
    See Jeffrey Richards, ‘“Passing the love of women”: Manly love and Victorian society’, in J.A. Mangan and J. Walvin (eds), Manliness and Morality: Middle Class Masculinity in Britain and America, 1800–1940 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1987), pp. 92–122.Google Scholar
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    Jeffrey Weeks, Sexuality (London and New York: Routledge, 1986), p. 75; see also J. Weeks, Sexuality and its Discontents, chapter 9; and J. Weeks, Against Nature, chapter 11.Google Scholar
  8. 24.
    Peter Burton, ‘Across the great divide’, in Amongst the Aliens: Some Aspects of a Gay Life (Brighton: Millivres, 1995), p. 103.Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    Brian Inglis, Roger Casement (London: Coronet, 1974), pp. 373–405.Google Scholar

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© Roger Horrocks 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Horrocks

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