Why Has Iran Been Revolutionary? I

  • Nikki R. Keddie


In a 1983 article I compared Iran’s revolutions with other great world revolutions, and also compared and contrasted the Iranian constitutional revolution of 1905–11 with its Islamic Revolution of 1979.1 Here I wish to look in a different way at the history of revolts and revolutions in Iran since 1890, and pose the question of why Iran has, overall, been so revolutionary, having had more revolutions and rebellions than other Muslim countries, and more than all but one or two Third World countries. The comparison in this chapter is not with western revolutions or between Iranian revolutions but rather a comparison of Iran with other Muslim and other Third World countries.


Middle East Muslim Country Muslim World Revolutionary Movement Foreign Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    N. R. Keddie, ‘Iranian Revolutions in Comparative Perspective,’ AHR 88 (3) June 1983: 579–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. R. Keddie, Roots of Revolution: An Interpretive History of Modern Iran (New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press, 1981 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Nikki R. Keddie 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikki R. Keddie
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations