Conclusion: Contemporary Citizenship in Chile and Argentina
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The analytical thrust of this book has focused on the role of the citizen in the transition and consolidation of democracy, and the ideological formation which that citizenship takes. It has explored citizenship as a formal concept in constitutions and in ideological pronouncements, and it has sought to reveal the influence of these constructions in the institutional apparatus, the state, government and policy. In contrast to established analyses of democratization, this thesis has examined developments at the apex of power from the perspective of the citizen herself, exploring the implications of these changes for citizen sovereignty. Moreover, it has sought to understand alternative concepts of citizenship emanating from the citizenry and has focused on citizen participation in the political process, both during the dictatorships and within the contemporary institutional and ideological context. The analysis has been built around the framework of models of citizenship, which, though idealized in their theoretical form, assist in the identification of ideological trends and changing mechanisms which interpret and guide the relationship between citizen and political elite.
KeywordsPolitical Culture Citizen Participation Military Regime Elite Rule Participatory Model
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