Sledgehammer pp 100-145 | Cite as

The 1990s — Penal Hammer or Bureaucratic Screw?



The last couple of decades have seen several innovations in the women’s prisons. On paper they look good. I am thinking in particular of the many educational initiatives, the personal officer scheme, the introduction of sentence planning, and the opening up of the prisons — to outside groups and prisoner work-schemes and home leaves. Unfortunately, many of those initiatives are now either defunct or exist only in name, on paper.


Probation Officer Temporary Release Female Prisoner Prison Officer Male Officer 
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Copyright information

© Pat Carlen 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social and Policy StudiesBath UniversityUK

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