Intervention, Justifications and Interpretations: The Case of the SADC in the Congo
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In 1998 the second part of ‘Africa’s First World War’ started with the invasion of the Congo by Rwanda and Uganda. Motivated by the lack of improved security at their borders in the eastern part of the Congo and of the possibility of economic gains from natural-resource exploitation, the two intervening states, together with a Congolese rebel group, re-ignited the conflict against their former ally, the newly installed president Laurent Kabila. The fresh outbreak of the conflict rapidly got a variety of different regional and continental replies. The South African Development Community (SADC) provided the most heterogenic response, as three of its members intervened on the side of Kabila to save their fellow SADC member and stop the conflict using military means, while the other members condemned the intervention and voted for a diplomatic answer to the conflict.
KeywordsEuropean Union United Nations Security Council Unanimous Decision Rebel Group
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