Multiple Burdens: Problems of Work-Life Balance for Ethnic Minority Trade Union Activist Women

  • Harriet Bradley
  • Geraldine Healy
  • Nupur Mukherjee
Part of the The Future of Work Series book series (TFW)


I am a full-time mum, I work, I am a taxi driver, I am a banker, I am everything at the moment that’s how I feel, plus I am a first aider, plus I am a union rep, so at the end of the day when I go home I am absolutely whacked. But my job does not stop there. I have to carry on and cook and clean and spend time with the kids and that, but sometimes it would be nice if I had somebody to offload on… . I do not get on very well with my area organiser at the moment so it doesn’t help that I haven’t got that support there. (Anita, Indian, 30s, widow, children)


Trade Union Asian Woman Union Work Life Balance Minority Ethnic Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beck, U. (1992) Risk Society, London: Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Bond, S., Hyman, J., Summers, J. and Wise, S. (2002) Family-friendly Working? Putting Policy into Practice, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  3. Bradley, H. (1996) Fractured Identities, Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  4. Bradley, H. (2000) Gender and Power in the Workplace, London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  5. Bradley, H., Erickson, M., Stephenson, C. and Williams, S. (2002a) Myths at Work, Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  6. Bradley, H., Healy, G. and Mukherjee, N. (2002b) ‘Inclusion, Exclusion and Separate Organisation — Black Women Activists in Trade Unions’. ESRC Future of Work Working Paper Number25.Google Scholar
  7. Bradley, H., Healy, G. and Mukherjee, N. (2004) ‘Union influence on career development — bringing in gender and ethnicity’. Career Development International, 9(1): 74–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brooke, K. (2002) Trade Union Membership: an analysis of data from the autumn 2001 LFS. Labour Market Trends, July.Google Scholar
  9. Chamberlain, M. (1997) Narratives ofExile and Return, Warwick: Warwick University Caribbean Series.Google Scholar
  10. Chow, E., Wilkinson, D. and Zinn, M. (1996) Race, Class and Gender: Common bonds, different voices, London: Sage.Google Scholar
  11. Colgan, F. and Ledwith, S. (1996) Sisters Organizing: Women and their Trade Unions in Women in Organizations, Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  12. Coote, A. and Kellner, P. (1980) Hear This Brother, London: New Statesman Books.Google Scholar
  13. Dex, S. (1987) Women’s Occupational Mobility: A Lifetime Perspective, London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dex, S. and Smith, C. (2002) The Nature of Family-friendly Employment Policies in Britain, The Policy Press and Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  15. Giddens, A. (1998) The Third Way, Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  16. Goldthorpe, J., Lockwood, D., Bechhofer, F. and Platt, J. (1969) The Affluent Worker in the Class Structure, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hakim C. (1995) Five feminist myths about women’s employment. British Journal of Sociology, 46(3): 429–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Healy, G. (1999) Structuring Commitments in Interrupted Careers: Career Breaks, Commitment and the Life Cycle in Teaching. Gender Work and Organisation, 6(4): 185–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Healy, G., Bradley, H. and Mukherjee, N. (2003) Voicing A Double Disadvantage? The workplace and union experience of Minority Ethnic women. Equal Opportunities Review, September.Google Scholar
  20. Healy, G., Bradley, H. and Mukherjee, N. (2004) Inspiring Activists: the experience of minority ethnic women in trade unions, in Healy, G., Heery, E., Taylor, P. and Brown, W. (eds), The Future of Worker Representation, London: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  21. Hewlett, S. (2002) Baby Hunger, London: Atlantic Books.Google Scholar
  22. Hibbett, A. (2002) Ethnic Minority Women in the UK. http://www.cabinetoffice. gov. uk/womens-unit/research/genderbriefing/home.htmGoogle Scholar
  23. Hochschild, A.R, (1989) The Second Shift, New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  24. Levitas, R. (1998) The Inclusive Society? London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  25. Kirton, G. and Healy, G. (2004) Shaping Union and Gender ldentities: a Case Study of Women-only Trade Union Courses. British Journal oflndustrial Relations, 42(2): 303–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Modood, T., Berthoud, R., Lakey, J., Nazroo J., Smith, P., Virdee, S. and Beishon, S. (1997) Ethnic Minorities in Britain: Diversity and Disadvantage, London: Policy Studies Institute.Google Scholar
  27. Newman, K. (2000) No Shame in My Game, New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  28. Parsons, T. and Bale, R. (1956) Family, Socialisation and Interaction Process, New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  29. Rapaport, R.N., Fogarty, M. and Rapaport, R. (1982) Families in Britain, London: Routledge Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  30. Stageman, J. (1980) Women In Unions, Hull: Industrial Studies Unit.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Harriet Bradley, Geraldine Healy and Nupur Mukherjee 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harriet Bradley
  • Geraldine Healy
  • Nupur Mukherjee

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations