State, Capital, Multinational Institutions, and Indigenous Peoples
Since the 1980s, a growing number of developing nations have been governed to a significant extent by transnational entities, such as international financial institutions (IFIs) and multinational corporations (MNCs), which in themselves are not governments but function in close (though not seamless) coordination with each other and with advanced industrialized states. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, perhaps the most renowned of such IFIs, have now acquired a place in popular vernaculars around the world. In this chapter what interests us are the networked processes that enable forms of transnational governance. In particular, we are concerned with the elaborate nexus of power that intertwines states, IFIs, and MNCs, and how this power nexus then influences local communities in the context of resource extraction.
KeywordsCorporate Social Responsibility Indigenous People International Monetary Fund Indigenous Community Resource Extraction
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