The creation of executive agencies and agencification, as observed in many OECD countries during the past 20 years, has a multi-faceted nature in the Finnish central government and is characterized by substantial variation. The landscape of Finnish central-government agencies reflects administrative and organizational reforms as well as administrative stability and continuous administrative performance at the same time. Some Finnish agencies have a long organizational history while some agencies have been established alongside the NPM cultivated reforms. There is also a great variation in the steering, management and performance control of the agencies. Certain agencies with numerous service and regulatory functions have strong autonomy while other agencies, which are highly focused in their service or regulatory functions, have low levels of autonomy.
KeywordsState Enterprise Parent Ministry State Administration Performance Audit Personnel Policy
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