The Usual Suspects: Interest Group Dynamics and Representation in Denmark

  • Peter Munk Christiansen
Part of the Interest Groups, Advocacy and Democracy Series book series (IGAD)


Some might think that being a researcher on interest groups in a corporatist country is an easy job. The accepted notion is that state–group relations are well organized and knowledge about the population of interest groups should be established and readily accessible – just push a button. Scandinavian-style corporatism, understood as the institutionalized and privileged integration of interest groups into policy making (Christiansen et al. 2010), may produce more knowledge about the population of groups than in many other systems, and consequently counting interest groups is easier than elsewhere – but probably not that much easier. Even in the Scandinavian ‘corporatist’ system knowledge about interest group populations is not that easy to collect. The reasons for the unexpected difficulties are various.


Labor Market Interest Group Environmental Group Consumer Group Collective Agreement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andersen, M. S., P. M. Christiansen, and S. Winter (1992) ‘Denmark: Consensus Seeking and Decentralization’, in K. Hanf and A.-I. Jansen (eds.) Governance and Environment in Western Europe: Politics, Policy, and Administration (Harlow, UK: Addison Wesley Longman).Google Scholar
  2. Arbejdsmarkedets håndbog, annual (Copenhagen: AOF).Google Scholar
  3. Balslev, J. (1999) Patientforeningsbogen (Frederiksberg, Denmark: Patientforum).Google Scholar
  4. Binderkrantz, A. S. (2004) Spørgeskemaundersøgelse blandt danske interesseorganisationer: Design og svarfordelinger (Aarhus, Denmark: Department of Political Science, Aarhus University).Google Scholar
  5. Binderkrantz, A. S. (2005a) ‘Interest Group Strategies: Navigating between Privileged Access and Strategies of Pressure’, Political Studies, 53, 694–715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Binderkrantz, A. S. (2005b) Magtens midler: Danske interesseorganisationer og deres indflydelsesstrategier (Aarhus, Denmark: Politica).Google Scholar
  7. Blom-Hansen, J. (2000) ‘Still Corporatism in Scandinavia? A Survey of Recent Empirical Findings’, Scandinavian Political Studies, 23, 157–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blom-Hansen, J. (2001) ‘Organized Interests and the State: A Disintegrating Relationship? Evidence from Denmark’, European Journal of Political Research, 39, 391–416.Google Scholar
  9. Blom-Hansen, J. (2002) Den fjerde statsmagt? Kommunernes Landsforening i dansk politik (Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press).Google Scholar
  10. Buksti, J. (1974) Et enigt landbrug? Konflikt og samarbejde mellem landbrugets organisationer (Aarhus, Denmark: Erhvervsarkivet/Aarhus University Press).Google Scholar
  11. Buksti, J. and L. N. Johansen (1977) Danske organisationers hvem-hvad-hvor (Copenhagen: Politikens Forlag).Google Scholar
  12. Buksti, J. and L. N. Johansen (1979) ‘Variations in Organizational Participation in Government: The Case of Denmark’, Scandinavian Political Studies, 2, 197–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Christiansen, P. M. (1999) ‘Miljøpolitik og interesseorganisationer: Mellem anarki og integration’, in J. Blom-Hansen and C. Daugbjerg (eds.) Magtens organisering: Stat og interesseorganisationer i Danmark (Aarhus, Denmark: Systime).Google Scholar
  14. Christiansen, P. M. and M. B. Klitgaard (2008) ‘Institutionel kontrol med arbejdsmarkedsforvaltningen: jobcentrenes tilblivelse’, Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv, 10, 24–38.Google Scholar
  15. Christiansen, P. M. and A. S. Nørgaard (2003) Faste forhold, flygtige forbindelser: Stat og interesseorganisationer i det 20. århundrede (Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press).Google Scholar
  16. Christiansen, P. M. and N. C. Sidenius (1995) ‘Korporatisme på retur?’, Politica, 27, 436–49.Google Scholar
  17. Christiansen, P. M., A. S. Nørgaard, and N. C. Sidenius (2004) Hvem skriver lovene? Interesseorganisationer og politiske beslutninger (Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press).Google Scholar
  18. Christiansen, P. M., A. S. Nørgaard, H. Rommetvedt, T. Svensson, G. Thesen, and P. Öberg (2010) ‘Varieties of Democracy: Interest Groups and Corporatist Committees in Scandinavian Policy Making’, Voluntas, 21, 22–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Christiansen, P. M., A. S. Nørgaard, and N. C. Sidenius (forthcoming) ‘Dänemark: Verbände und korporatismus auf Dänish’, in W. Reutter (ed.) Verbände und Interessengruppen in den Ländern der Europäischen Union (Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften).Google Scholar
  20. Damgaard, E. (1986) ‘Causes, Forms, and Consequences of Sectoral Policy-Making: Some Danish Evidence’, European Journal of Political Research, 14, 273–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Damgaard, E. and K. Eliassen (1978) ‘Corporate Pluralism in Danish Law-Making’, Scandinavian Political Studies, 1, 285–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Daugbjerg, C. (1999) ‘Landbrugspolitik: Stabilitet eller forandring’, in J. Blom-Hansen and C. Daugbjerg (eds.) Magtens organisering: Stat og interesseorganisationer i Danmark (Aarhus, Denmark: Systime).Google Scholar
  23. Daugbjerg, C. and D. K. Møller (2010) ‘Økologipolitikken og de økologiske interesseorganisationers kapaciteter i Danmark, Sverige og Tyskland’, Politica, 42, 69–89.Google Scholar
  24. Due, J., J. S. Madsen, C. S. Jensen, and L. K. Petersen (1994) The Survival of the Danish Model: A Historical Sociological Analysis of the Danish System of Collective Bargaining (Copenhagen: Danish Association of Lawyers and Economists Press).Google Scholar
  25. Elvander, N. (2002) ‘The Labour Market Regimes in the Nordic Countries: A Comparative Analysis’, Scandinavian Political Studies, 25, 117–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gundelach, P. (1988) Sociale bevægelser og samfundsændringer (Aarhus, Denmark: Politica).Google Scholar
  27. Just, F. (1992) Landbruget, staten og eksporten 1930–1950 (Esbjerg, Denmark: Sydjysk Universitetsforlag).Google Scholar
  28. Landbrugsårbog, annual (Copenhagen: Royal Danish Agricultural Society).Google Scholar
  29. Lowery, D. and V. Gray (2004) ‘Bias in the Heavenly Chorus: Interests in Society and before Government’, Journal of Theoretical Politics, 16, 5–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Müller-Jentsch, W. (1985) ‘Trade Unions as Intermediary Organizations’, Economic and Industrial Democracy, 6, 3–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Öberg, P., T. Svensson, P. M. Christiansen, A. S. Nørgaard, H. Rommetvedt, and G. Thesen (2011) ‘Disrupted Exchange and Declining Corporatism: Government Authority and Interest Group Capability in Scandinavia’, Government and Opposition, 46(3), 365–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Olson, M. (1965) The Logic of Collective Action (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).Google Scholar
  33. Pedersen, E. H. (1979) Landbrugsrådet som erhvervspolitisk toporgan 1919–1933 (Copenhagen: Landbohistorisk Selskab).Google Scholar
  34. Pierson, P. (1996) ‘The New Politics of the Welfare State’, World Politics, 48, 143–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pierson, P. (2000) ‘Increasing Returns, Path-Dependence, and the Study of Politics’, American Political Science Review, 94, 251–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Salisbury, R. H. (1984) ‘Interest Representation: The Dominance of Institutions’, American Political Science Review, 78, 64–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Schmitter, P. (1974) ‘Still the Century of Corporatism?’, Review of Politics, 36, 85–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Scruggs, L. (2002) ‘The Ghent System and Union Membership in Europe, 1970–1996’, Political Research Quarterly, 55, 275–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Streeck, W. and P. Schmitter (1985) ‘Community, Market, State – and Associations? The Prospective Contribution of Interest Governance to Social Order’, European Sociological Review, 1, 119–38.Google Scholar
  40. Torpe, L. and T. K. Kjeldgaard (2003) Foreningssamfundets sociale kapital (Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press).Google Scholar
  41. Vrangbæk, K., H. Rommetvedt, and S. Opedal (2010) ‘Patientorganisationer I Danmark og Norge: Karakteristika og strategier for interessevaretagelse’, Politica, 42, 90–108.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter Munk Christiansen 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Munk Christiansen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations