In his foreword to my earlier book, Race, Crime and Criminal Justice: International Perspectives, Michael Tonry wrote: “Interactions among race, ethnicity, immigration, and crime present difficult social and political challenges in every country. The challenges are the same — assuring equality before the law for all people. … And the challenges are different, varying with the particular histories of particular places and changing over time” (Kalunta-Crumpton, 2010: x). Indeed, until we move outside of our country of residence to explore how physical human differences are negotiated in other countries, we cannot appreciate the global reach of physical variations in determining relations across influential institutions, and specifically in the criminal justice systems. We will neither understand the challenges that this situation poses for different societies nor the commonalities and differences in the challenges. Often, we limit our research on race and crime to our comfort zone, that is, to our country of residence. And when we venture to look beyond our comfort zone, we not only stay within a particular region, but we also stay within those countries that share the same language as we speak — be it English, Spanish, French, and soforth. Thus, scholarly information sharing at the international level is severely limited.


Criminal Justice Racial Group Criminal Justice System Latin American Country Crime Statistic 
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  1. Kalunta-Crumpton, A. (Ed.) (2010). Race, Crime and Criminal Justice: International Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

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© Anita Kalunta-Crumpton 2012

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  • Anita Kalunta-Crumpton

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