Diasporas and African Development: The Struggle for Sustainable Peace and Development in Sierra Leone
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In this chapter, the role of the Sierra Leone diaspora in the process of post-conflict peacebuilding in their homeland is examined. In analysing this process, attention is drawn to the process of external intervention in postwar reconstruction, noting that this was defined by the Liberal Peace Project (LPP); that is, the belief that world peace can be realized by the spread of political liberalism or capitalist democracy (van der Linden, 2001). It is argued that neoliberalism has defined the new relationship between African states and the developed capitalist nations. Furthermore, in looking at governance, in particular chieftaincy reform and decentralization, I argue that the imposition of neoliberal ideas has tended to deprive the ‘rebellious youth’ of agency as the ancien regime of chieftaincy was strengthened by externally funded reform. Finally, in examining the activities of local and international NGOs in the process of conflict resolution and postwar reconstruction, attention is drawn to the commitment by the former to development issues, thus pointing to the ephemeral nature of the contributions of Northern NGOs to issues of sustainable development.
KeywordsPolitical Liberalism Reform Security Sector Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Heavily Indebted Poor Country Capitalist Democracy
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