Hybrid Forms of Peace and Order on a South Sea Island

Experiences from Bougainville (Papua New Guinea)
  • Volker Boege
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)


For almost 10 years (1989–1998) the South Pacific island of Bougainville was the theatre of a large-scale violent conflict, and over the last 12 years Bougainville has undergone a comprehensive process of largely successful post-conflict peacebuilding and (re-)construction of political order. In the process, international liberal notions of peace and state-building colluded with local understandings of shaping a peaceful and orderly community, which resulted in a hybridization of peacebuilding and in a distinct Bougainvillean variety of ‘peace’ and ‘state’. Although some international engagement was – and continues to be – instrumental for peacebuilding and state formation, these processes are mainly steered through local agency.


Local Agency Restorative Justice Hybrid Form Political Order Peace Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 6.
    Clive Moore, Happy Isles in Crisis. The Historical Causes for a Failing State in Solomon Islands, 1998–2004, Canberra: Asia Pacific Press, 2004, p. 27.Google Scholar
  2. 14.
    UNDP, Bougainville Human Development Report. Developing Education from within. Communities as a Critical Agency of Change (Draft), Port Moresby: UNDP, 2007.Google Scholar
  3. 15.
    Frances Cleaver, ‘Reinventing Institutions: Bricolage and the Social Embeddedness of Natural Resource Management’, European Journal of Development Research, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2002, pp. 11–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 17.
    Oliver Richmond, ‘The Romanticisation of the Local: Welfare, Culture and Peacebuilding’, The International Spectator, Vol. 44, No. 1, 2009, pp. 149–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 19.
    Oliver Richmond, ‘A Post-Liberal Peace: Eirenism and the Everyday’, Review of International Studies, Vol. 35, 2009, pp. 557–580.Google Scholar
  6. 20.
    Roger Mac Ginty, ‘Indigenous Peace-Making versus the Liberal Peace’, Cooperation and Conflict, Vol. 43, No. 2, 2008, pp. 139–163, at p. 159.Google Scholar
  7. 21.
    Michel de Certeau, The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley – Los Angeles – London: University of California Press, 1984, p. xvii.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Volker Boege 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volker Boege

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations