The Re-evaluation of Milan Nedić and Draža Mihailović in Serbia

  • Sladjana Lazić


After the fall of the Berlin Wall, together with the post-communist transitions, Eastern Europe was faced with the revival of right-wing nationalism and anti-communism.2 With ‘the return of history’,3 there have been attempts to rehabilitate historical figures previously condemned for fascist and/or Nazi attitudes and acts (as the cases of Marshal Ion Antonescu in Romania, Miklös Horthy in Hungary, and Jozef Tiso in Slovakia demonstrate). In Serbia, the re-examination of the communist historical paradigm started after the death of Tito in 1980 and was marked by disappointment with the common state and, as a Belgrade weekly called it, ‘the outburst of history’.4 As time passed, the processes of revising the communist historical paradigm and the revival of national identity in Serbia were most clearly manifested (and mutually connected) during the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s in stories about the ‘homogenization of the nation through the reconciliation of ideological differences within the nation’.5 In other words, the ideological reconciliation within the nation meant reconciliation between Chetniks and Partisans which eventually happened at the official level, after the fall of Milošević. It was during Vojislav Koštunica’s first term as prime minister of Serbia that the December 2004 law6 declaring that the Chetnik and Partisan movements were equally liberation movements was passed. Subsequently, with the Rehabilitation Act7 adopted in April 2006, the Serbian Assembly not only institutionalized the rehabilitation of ideological opponents to communism, but also undertook historical revision, thereby establishing a new past.


Political Elite Communist Regime Historical Role Official Gazette Memorial Service 
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© Sladjana Lazić 2011

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  • Sladjana Lazić

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